Amateur Radio Newsline Report 1847 - January 4 2013

21:28 Fernando Luiz de Souza 0 Comments







Amateur Radio Newsline report number 1847 with a release
date of January 4 2013 to follow in 5-4-3-2-1.

The following is a Q-S-T.  The FCC begins work to create a
new Citizens Broadband Service; the ARRL asks the FCC to
create a new low frequency band from 472 to 479 kHz as
Ireland gives that same spectrum to its ham radio community;
the 2013 International DX convention finds a new home at the
Visalia California Convention Center and the transistor
reaches age 65.  Find out the details as we ring in the New
Year with Amateur Radio NewslineT report number 1847 coming
your way right now.


(Billboard Cart Here)


**

RESTRUCTURING:  FCC PROPOSES 3.5 GHZ CITIZENS BROADBAND
SERVICE

First there was the old Class A and Class B Citizens radio
of the 1940's.  Then came 11 Meter Class D Citizens Radio
Service in 1958.  Next was the Family Radio Service
authorized in the United States since 1996.  That was
followed in 2000 by MURS or the Multi Use Radio Service.
Now in 2013, the FCC is proposing to create a new Citizens
Broadband Service and it's like nothing else the regulatory
agency has ever attempted before.  Amateur Radio Newsline's
Norm Seeley, KI7UP, has the details:

--

Just before years end on Wednesday December 26th the
FCC announced a proposal to make available 100 MHz of shared
spectrum in the 3.5 GHz band using small cell and database
technologies. The FCC calls the new service in the 3550 to
3650 MHz band the "Citizens Broadband Service" or C-B-S and
proposes three tiers of service.  These will be known as
Incumbent Access; Priority Access and General Authorized
Access.

Incumbent Access would consist solely of authorized federal
and grandfathered licensed Fixed Satellite Service 3.5 GHz
band users.  They would be protected from the other tiers by
regulation and technical means.  This would include the use
of exclusion zones where other C-B-S uses would not be
permitted.

Priority Access level would be given to small cell use by
certain critical quality-of-service dependent users at
specific target locations.  This might include hospitals,
utilities, state and local governments.  It might also
include users with a distinct need for reliable, prioritized
access to broadband spectrum at specific, localized
facilities.

Lastly, the General Authorized Access or G-A-A level would
allow opportunistic use of the spectrum for a variety of
residential, business and enterprise purposes.  These users
would have to protect Level 1 Incumbent Access and Level 2
Priority Access users through technologies including
geolocation.  Also as the lowest level users they would not
have any expectation of protection from harmful interference
to this user base.

The Notice of Proposed Rulemaking is known as FCC 12-148.
It also seeks comment on including spectrum at 3650 to 3700
MHz, immediately adjacent to C-band downlink spectrum.  If
the FCC does include the 3650 to 3700 MHz band in the
proposed new service, wireless Internet service providers
using this band for links would have to be licensed under
the tier 3 General Authorized Access rules.

The NPRM proposes a "Spectrum Access System" which would
govern interactions between all devices in the 3.5 GHz band.
It would be modeled after the TV White Space database
concept and all devices would be limited to 1 watt Effective
Radiated Power as compared to an Isotropic radiator.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Norm Seeley, KI7UP, in
Scottsdale, Arizona.

--

If the proposed services name of the Citizens Broadband
Service has a 1960's or 1970's ring to it, its not by mere
coincidence. The FCC is proposing to license users under
Section 95 of the Personal Radio Service rules.  That's the
same section that includes 11 meter Citizen's Band radio.
(FCC, RW)

**

RESTRUCTURING:  ARRL FILES FOR 472 - 479 KHZ US BAND

The ARRL has filed a Petition for Rule Making requesting the
establishment of a domestic amateur radio allocation at 472
to 479 kHz.  The League's request calls for a power limit of
5 watts effective isotropic radiated power, with only 1 watt
to be permitted in certain specific locations.

The ARRL took this action for the FCC to follow up on the
actions of the 2012 World Radiocommunication Conference now
rather than waiting several years as was the case with WRC-
07.  As regular listeners know, telecommunications
administrations around the world have been fairly quick to
make this spectrum available to their nations ham radio
communities.

As we go to air the FCC had not responded to the League's
petition.   (ARRL, CQ, eHam)

**

RESTRUCTURING:  IRISH RADIO AMATEURS GET NEW 472-479 KHZ
ALLOCATIONS

Some good news for hams in Ireland.  This with word that the
Irish Radio Transmitters Society have been informed by
telecommunications regulator ComReg that the band segment
472 to 479 kHz becomes available to all licensed
radio amateurs in Ireland.  This, on a secondary basis, with
effect from 1 January 2013.  The maximum power is 5 watts
and available for use with CW, QRSS, and narrow band digital
modes.

There are some restrictions that ComReg has put in place.
As ham radio is a secondary user of this spectrum ComReg
says that stations in the Amateur service shall not cause
harmful interference to, or claim protection from, stations
of the aeronautical radionavigation service or stations of
the maritime service.  Also that the amateur service shall
ensure that no harmful interference is caused to the
frequency 490 kHz which is used exclusively for the
transmission by coast stations of navigational and
meteorological and urgent information to ships.

Also, a Test License held from ComReg by the Irish Radio
Transmitters Society under which a number of licensed
amateurs were given permission to operate in the band
segment 501 to 504 kHz expired on January 2nd.  As such,
amateurs in Ireland who had received special permission to
use that spectrum were required to cease operation on 501 to
504 kHz on that same date.  (IRTS)

**

RESTRUCTURING:  ICASA TABLES DRAFT NATIONAL RADIO FREQUENCY
PLAN

South Africa's telecommunications regulator I-C-A-S-A has
made public a draft of the proposed new National Radio
Frequency Plan for comment by February 8th.  One positive
aspect is that a new band from 472 to 479 KHz for amateur
radio is shown as secondary allocation which makes the way
for allotment as soon as the plan has been adopted.

Meantime the South African Radio League has proposed to the
regulator to have the 160 meter band extended as this is not
provided for in the draft plan. There is however a footnote
that pays the way for further discussion. Foot note 5.096
list a number of countries where administrations may
allocate 1 810 to 2 000 KHz to the amateur service after
consultation with neighboring countries. The South African
Radio League says that it will continue pursuing the
possibilities of having that band extended.

The South African National Radio Frequency Plan is the base
document for allocation of spectrum to various services in
that nation.  (SARL)

**

COMMUNICATIONS LAW:  SPACE EXPORT CONTROL REFORM PASSES
HOUSE AND SENATE

Good news for United States hams and others involved in the
development of experimental satellites.  Legislation
reforming space related export control has passed the House
and the Senate and is expected to be signed by the
President.

The measure is included in the National Defense
Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013 under Section 1261.
This area of the proposed law is titled The Removal of
Satellites and Related Items from the United States
Munitions List or USML.

The legislation does contain some restrictions.  Key among
these is a continued prohibitions of data and parts export
that are specific to China, North Korea, and any country
that is a state sponsor of what the United States considers
to be terrorism.

The passage of this legislation is significant and brings
with it the promise that United States universities and
other satellite experimenter groups including ham radio will
be better able to interact in the design and construction of
flight hardware.  It also suggests that these groups may be
better supported in their mission to prepare the workforce
needed to design and deploy the space systems of the future.
This in turn should enable the United States to remain a
leader in space.

You can read more about this change in United States
satellite export law on line at tinyurl.com/Space-Export-
Reform.  (ANS, SpaceMarket)

**

BREAK 1

From the United States of America, We are the Amateur Radio
Newsline, heard on bulletin stations around the world
including the WM7K repeater serving Grants Pass, Oregon.

(5 sec pause here)


**

ENFORCEMENT:  SALE OF NON CERTIFIED DEVICES BRINGS $14000
FINE

The FCC has affirmed a $14,000 Forfeiture Order to LawMate
Technology Co., Ltd.  This for its alleged marketing of
unauthorized radio frequency devices for more than two
years.  Amateur Radio Newsline's Don Wilbanks, AE5DW, has
the details:

--

ENFORCEMENT:  SALE OF NON CERTIFIED DEVICES BRINGS $14000
FINE

The FCC has affirmed a $14,000 Forfeiture Order to LawMate
Technology Co., Ltd.  This for its alleged marketing of
unauthorized radio frequency devices for more than two
years.

On July 15, 2009, the Enforcement Bureau's Spectrum
Enforcement Division released the $14,000 Notice of Apparent
Liability for Forfeiture after it found that that LawMate
manufactured and marketed two models of wireless video
transmitters in the United States before obtaining FCC
certifications for the models.  The finding was based on
LawMate's own admission in response to a letter of inquiry.

LawMate responded on November 14, 2009.  At that time
LawMate declared that that it was willing to pay a penalty
for its violations but requested cancellation or reduction
of the proposed forfeiture amount based on certain remedial
efforts that LawMate stated it intended to implement.  It
also claimed financial hardship, and asserted that it had a
past history of compliance with the FCC rules.

Now in affirming the NAL, the FCC says that it carefully
considered LawMate's and find no basis for reduction or
cancellation of the proposed forfeiture.  It noted that
LawMate's contention that it planned to undertake certain
remedial measures to ensure future compliance with the rules
was not a valid reason for a downward reduction of the fine.
It also noted that LawMate claim that payment of the
forfeiture would place undue stress on the company's
financial situation was not accompanied by the proper
documentation.  It noted that any claim of inability to pay
must specifically identify the basis for the claim by
reference to the financial documentation submitted to the
agency.

I'm Don Wilbanks, AE5DW.

--

LawMate was given the customary 30 day time period from the
affirmation date of the fine to pay it or to file a further
appeal.  (FCC)

**

ENFORCEMENT:  UNLICENSED RADIO STATION IN FLORIDA LOCKS
PEOPLE OUT OF THEIR CARS

What appears to have been a relatively high power out of
band spurious signal from an unlicensed broadcast
transmitter is being blamed for locking hundreds of people
out of their cars in Hollywood, Florida.  This according to
a statement from the city's police department who called it
a mystery no one could solve until now.

For months residents were complaining that they could not
use their keyless entry systems to unlock or start their
cars whenever they parked near the Hollywood Police
Department.  Once the cars were towed to the dealers, the
problem disappeared.

After months of searching, the wayward signal causing the
problem was T-Hunted to the roof of the near-by Regent Bank
Building.   An undercover detective and FCC agent found the
equipment on December 6th concealed under an air
conditioning chiller.

Four days after they removed the equipment, a man
identifying himself only as "Jay" left a message for a
maintenance worker at the bank building.  Police say that
when the worker returned the call, "Jay" asked if he'd taken
his equipment.  The worker answered no, but told him that
the cops had.

Hollywood Florida detectives are still searching for the man
who set up the bootleg station on the roof of the bank
building.  When it was shut down and seized it was operating
around the clock on 104.7 FM broadcasting Caribbean music.
If found, the man could be arrested on state felony charges
and also face a minimum fine of at least $10,000 from the
Federal Communications Commission.  Cars made by Ford,
Lexus, Toyota, BMW and Mercedes reportedly were affected.
(Radio Ink, RW, others)

**

RADIO EMPLOYMENT:  SURVEY SAYS BBG WORST PLACE TO IN
GOVERNMENT TO WORK

It's not exactly a list you'd want to be at the top of. This
as the Broadcasting Board of Governors finds itself as the
number one worst place to work in the federal government
among mid-sized agencies.  This according to survey results
recently published by the Washington Post.

They were followed by the National Archives and Records
Administration, the Department of Housing and Urban
Development, Securities and Exchange Commission and
Department of Education.

Best mid-sized agencies to work at included the Federal
Deposit Insurance Corporation, Government Accountability
Office, Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the Smithsonian
Institution and the Federal Trade Commission.  (RW,
Washington Post)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  ILLW 2013 ATTRACTS MORE THAN 110 ENTRIES SO
FAR

Jim Linton, VK3PC, reports that the leading countries pre-
registered for the next International Lighthouse and
Lightship Weekend are Germany with, Australia with 27,
followed by the USA and England.  In fact a total of 110 pre-
registrations have been received from 26 countries even
though the next International Lighthouse and Lightship
Weekend does not take place until the August the 17th and
18th.  More about this fun event is on-line at www.illw.net
(VK3PC)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  BATAAN MEMORIAL DEATH MARCH MARATHON EVENT

The Mesilla Valley Radio Club of Las Cruces, New Mexico will
be operating Special Events Station K5B on March 17th. This,
in conjunction with the 24th annual Bataan Memorial Death
March Marathon to be held at the nearby White Sands Missile
Range.

K5B will operate from 1000 to 2300 UTC on or near 21.337,
14.330, 7.225, and 3.893 megahertz.  A commemorative QSL
card will be available by request. Please QSL with a
self-addressed stamped business sized envelope to K5B in
care of the Mesilla Valley Radio Club, P. O. Box 1443, Las
Cruces, New Mexico, 88004.

More information about the K5B operation is at
www.n5bl.org/batan.  Information regarding the marathon
event is available at www.bataanmarch.com. (WB4AEJ)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  TARCFEST IN GEORGIA MARCH 30

On the social scene, the third Annual Thomasville Amateur
Radio Club Hamfest and Tailgate, will take place in
Thomasville, Georgia, on March 30th.  This is a one day
event, starting at 7:30 AM and lasting until around 4:00 PM
Central U-S time.  Admission is free, Tailgating is free,
and there is only a minimal charge for indoor vendor tables.
For more information take your web browser to
tarchamfest.blogspot.com or follow this event on Facebook or
Twitter as TARCHamfest.  (KJ4ZNK)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  2013 INTERNATIONAL DX CONVENTION MOVES TO
VISALIA CONVENTION CENTER

Registration is now open for the 2013 International DX
Convention to be held this year at the Visalia Convention
Center in down-town Visalia, California.

According to planners the move to the Convention Center
gives the show 17 meeting rooms and 2 Board Rooms, which
will allow them to put together several concurrent
presentations.  Also the exhibit hall can easily handle up
to 100 vendors and there will be banquet facilities for up
to 900 attendees.

2013 marks the 64th year of this event that which will be
held April 19th to the 21st.  For more details please visit
www.dxconvention.org or www.dxconvention.com on the World
Wide Web.  (Intl DX Convention)

**

NAMES IN THE NEWS:  NEW SECTION MANAGER APPOINTED IN NEW
YORK CITY - LONG ISLAND

Some names in the news.  Effective January 1st Jim Mezey,
W2KFV, of Carle Place, New York, became the new ARRL New
York City-Long Island Section Manager.  ARRL Membership and
Volunteer Programs Manager Dave Patton, NN1N, appointed
Mezey after consulting with current Section Manager Mike
Lisenco, N2YBB. Lisenco, who stepped down as Section Manager
after being elected as ARRL Hudson Division Director.
(ARRL)

**

NAMES IN THE NEWS:  CLYBURN RE-NOMINATION TO FCC APPROVED BY
SENATE

The United States Senate has approved the re-nomination of
FCC commissioner Mignon Clyburn.  This time for a full five-
year term retroactive to July 1, 2012, when her current term
expired.

Clyburn had been serving out the term of Commissioner
Jonathan Adelstein, who exited to join the Department of
Agriculture.  Her re-nomination had been held up after the
death of Commerce Committee member Daniel Inouye forced the
committee to postpone a vote.  Had the nomination not been
voted before the seating of a new Congress, Clyburn would
have had to have a new hearing in the Commerce Committee
when that new Congress convened.  (Published news reports)

**

NAMES IN THE NEWS:  BILL PASTERNAK, WA6ITF, HONORED BY
CEDARS SINAI ALUMNI ASSOCIATION

Newsline producer Bill Pasternak, WA6ITF, was recently
honored with a Certificate of Appreciation for his volunteer
work to the Cedars Sinai Medical Center Alumni Association.

No, Bill never worked at the medical facility.  However
since his retirement from Fox Television in 2009 he has been
the volunteer Videographer for the monthly social gatherings
of the group.

The award was presented to Bill the evening of December 17th
during a break in the evenings program while he was video
recording a presentation by famed Hollywood Producer
Director Paul Mazursky.  Mazursky was the featured speaker
talking about the production of his 1984 film Moscow on the
Hudson that starred Robin Williams.   (ARNewsline)

**

NAMES IN THE NEWS:  N8TMW TO GUEST ON THE DODROPIN ECHOLINK
NET ON JANUARY 12

And on Jan 12th at 2100 hours Eastern Standard Time, Amateur
Radio Newsline's Jim Damron, N8TMW, will be the guest on the
Amateur Radio Newsline Net held on the DoDropIn Echolink
conference server.  You are invited to drop in and catch Jim
talking about his career in broadcasting, his stage career
as well as his amateur radio involvement.  Again that's the
Amateur Radio Newsline Net on Saturday January 12th at 2100
hours Eastern Standard Time to meet Jim Damron, N8TMW.  You
will find it on the DoDropIn Echolink conference server node
number 355800.  I hope to see you there.  (W8WFO)

**

BREAK 2

This is ham radio news for today's radio amateur.  From the
United States of America, We are the Amateur Radio Newsline
with links to the world from our only official website at
www.arnewsline.org and being relayed by the volunteer
services of the following radio amateur:

(5 sec pause here)

**

EMERGING TECHNOLOGY:  ANOTHER NEW SOURCE OF LIGHT ANNOUNCED

A new and more efficient way to light your way is on the
horizon.  Amateur Radio Newsline's Skeeter Nash, N5ASH,
reports:

--

Scientists at the Wake Forest University have created a new
type of light bulb that promises to be just as efficient as
LED equivalents, but without any of the drawbacks.

The new field-induced polymer electroluminescent bulbs or
FIPEL for short, produce light when an electric current is
passed through its nano-engineered plastic layers. The team
says that the new type of bulbs are malleable, allowing them
to take any shape like compact fluorescent lamps. They also
won't shatter like traditional bulbs, nor will they generate
the same hum or flicker.

The inventor of FIPEL is Dr. David Carroll.  He believes
that his new solution is superior to LED bulbs because there
is a limit to how much brightness you can get out of them.
If you run too much current through an LED they can short
out and melt.   Not only that, the light generated by FIPEL
bulbs is closer to natural sunlight, unlike the bluish tint
generated by LEDs.

Any worries about longevity are also put to rest by Dr.
Carroll.  He claims to have had a field-induced polymer
electroluminescent prototype lamp working in his laboratory
for almost a decade.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Skeeter Nash, N5ASH.

--

As for when the technology will make the jump to a
commercial product?  The research  team says that a
corporate partner is interested in producing the new bulbs
at scale, with the first run expected in 2013.   (CGC,
earthsignals.com, TheVerge.com)

**

WORLDBEAT:  ADELAIDE AUSTRALIA SAYS YES TO PUBLIC WI-FI

The first Australian city with free Wi-Fi outdoors will be
Adelaide.  The South Australian Government and Adelaide City
Council will foot $1.5 million bill to provide it at all
public areas, by the end of 2013.  Already a trial of free
Wi-Fi is on all Adelaide Metro trams and 20 buses.  Similar
public Wi-Fi initiatives are in progress in Singapore,
Prague, Wellington, Auckland, and Luxembourg.  (VK3PC)

**

WORLDBEAT:  NEW CANADIAN IRLP/ECHOLINK WEATHER NET

The Weather Radio Listeners Newsletter Net  hosted by Gordon
Maybee, VA3WXA out of Toronto, Canada, takes place every
Saturday evening at 8 PM Atlantic, 7 PM Eastern time on IRLP
Reflector 9034 and Echolink node 223557.  The net carries
information about Weather Radio and the CANWARN service.  It
also includes weather warnings and notices of any power
outages across Canada.

The sponsors say that they are trying to make this a Cross
Canada Net to include all provinces and territories.  They
are also looking for station from Quebec to participate.

For more information about the net, go to The Maritime
Amateur website www.maritimeamateur.ca and click on CANWARN.
Once there, click on CANWARN news where you will find
articles on this net.  (VE1JBL)

**

RADIO IN SPACE: NEW LAUNCH VEHICLE TO CARRY CUBESAT SWARM IN
2013

Turning to space related news, 2013 should see the first
flight of a new satellite launch vehicle.  Super Strypi,
also known as Space-borne Payload Assist Rocket - Kauai was
developed by Sandia National Laboratories in New Mexico, the
University of Hawaii and Aerojet Corporation.  It based on
an enlarged version of Sandia's Strypi sounding rocket.

The Super Strypi vehicle will be launched from a rail-
launcher at Barking Sands, Kauai at the Pacific Missile
Range Facility towards the end of 2013.  Super Strypi will
be carrying a swarm of CubeSats called the Edison
Demonstration of Smallsat Networks. The CubeSats are an
unusual size of 10 by 10 by 15 cm and weigh 2 kg.  The
Edison swarm will demonstrate distributed, multipoint space
weather measurement and are expected to operate for at least
60 days and have an on-orbit life-time of up to 4 years.

More is on the web at tinyurl.com/new-sat-launcher.  (Space
Times)

**

ON THE AIR:  AUSTRIAN HAMS  CELEBRATES ALPINE SKI WORLD
CHAMPIONSHIP

Hams in Austria will have the chance to operate with the
special callsign O-E-2013 followed by their assigned suffix
between January 15th and February 18th.  This is to
celebrate the 2013 Alpine Ski World Championships taking
place in that nation.  An award is available for three
different levels which are Gold, Platinum and Diamond. Each
level requires that a certain number of special event
stations and O E stations to be contacted and logged. More
is on-line at tinyurl.com/austrian-2013-event  (OPDX)

**

WORLDBEAT:  N2ZN IS NEW NEW QSL MANAGER FOR W2JO

According to the Ohio Penn DX Newsletter, Ken Boasi, N2ZN,
says that he is now the QSL Manager for David Farnsworth,
WJ2O.  Farnsworth has made over 30 DXpeditions over the last
20 years and N2ZN says that he can confirm QSO's made with
any or all of them.

Farnsworth's most recent trip was for the 2012 CQ World Wide
CW contest where he operated from Barbados under the
callsign 8P9DF.  Dave's earlier DX operations and many logs
can be found at wj2o.com.

N2ZN adds that QSL's for W2JO should now be sent to him
either direct of via the bureau.  He adds that his address
is good on both QRZ.com and in the FCC database. (OPDX)

**

DX

In DX, members of the Radio Cub Peruano announced the
activation of special event station 4T4RDP during the 2013
edition of the Rally Dakar.  They will be active using SSB,
CW, RTTY and the Digital Modes on 80 through 6 meters
between January 4th and the 13th. QSL via OA4O.

SM0MDG will travel to Montserrat and be active as VP2MSW
through January 8th. Operation will be holiday style with a
focus on 17 and 15 meters with possible operations on 10
meters if propagation allows.  This is an ultra-lite
operation using a FT-857D and simple wire antennas. Look for
the log to be uploaded to Logbook of the World W after his
return home. QSL via his manager M0URX, either direct or
using OQRS

DJ9KH will be on the air as A31WH from Vava'u Island between
February 20th and March 3rd. All activity will be on the
High Frequency bands. QSL via his home callsign, either
direct or by the bureau.

W6HGF will be on the air stroke J8 from St. Vincent between
January 9th and the 24th.  His operation will be focused on
RTTY using dipoles and a traveling beam. QSL direct to his
home callsign or electronically via Logbook of the World or
ClubLog.

DJ9KH will be active from Tongatapu Island as A31WH and
from Vavau Island  as A31WH/P  February 20th through March
3rd.  Operations will be on the High Frequency bands only.
QSL via his home call.

Lastly DF3ZS and DL1QW will be active stroke 5Z4 from Diani
Beach, Kenya, between January 7th and the 20th. Their
operation will be holiday style on 80 through 10 meters
using CW, SSB and RTTY. QSL via their home callsign, direct
or via the DARC Bureau.

(Above from various DX news sources)

**

THAT FINAL ITEM:  A BELATED HAPPY 65 TO THE TRANSISTOR

And finally this week, a belated happy birthday to an
electronic device whose invention revolutionized
telecommunications and made possible the technology that we
have today.  Of coarse we are talking about the transistor
as we hear from Amateur Radio Newslines Bruce Tennant,
K6PZW:

--

On December 16, 1947, Bell Labs researchers William
Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain created an
amplifier from a germanium crystal that boosted the level of
an input signal by 100 times.  Various researchers had tried
to develop a solid-state alternative to the vacuum tubes
during World War II but none had succeeded.  The Bell Labs
Trio demonstrated it for lab officials a week later on
December 23 where Shockley deemed it a magnificent Christmas
present.

Bell Labs announced the invention of the transistor six
months later.  The device went on to become one of the
signature scientific achievements of the 20th century,
ranking up with splitting the atom, manned flight, and the
discovery of DNA.   One could argue, in fact, that the
transistor was the most important breakthrough of the
20th century because subsequent advances in those other
fields relied on the computing power made possible through
integrated circuits and semiconductors.  In essence,
information has become a science itself.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline, I'm Bruce Tennant, K6PZW, in
Los Angeles.

--

As a result of their achievement Electronics Magazine put a
photo the three men on its cover.  The three went on to
share the Nobel Prize for physics in 1956.  John Bardeen
became a laureate a second time in 1972 for his work on
superconductivity.  And very apropos the entire story is on-
line at tinyurl.com/transistor-comes-alive  (Readwrite,
others)

**

NEWSCAST CLOSE

With thanks to Alan Labs, AMSAT, the ARRL, the CGC
Communicator, CQ Magazine, the FCC, the Ohio Penn DX
Bulletin, Radio Netherlands, Rain, the RSGB, the Southgate
News, TWiT-TV and Australia's WIA News, that's all from the
Amateur Radio NewslineT.  Our e-mail address is newsline
(at) arnewsline (dot) org.  More information is available at
Amateur Radio Newsline'sT only official website located at
www.arnewsline.org.  You can also write to us or support us
at Amateur Radio NewslineT, 28197 Robin Avenue, Santa
Clarita California, 91350

For now, with Bill Pasternak, WA6ITF, at the editors' desk,
I'm Jim Damron, N8TMW saying welcome to 2013, 73 and we
thank you for listening.

Amateur Radio NewslineT is Copyright 2013.  All rights
reserved.

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