Amateur Radio Newsline™ Report 1937 - September 26 2014

08:03 Fernando Luiz de Souza 0 Comments







Audio


Amateur Radio Newsline™ report number 1937 with a release
date of September 26th 2014 to follow in 5-4-3-2-1.

The following is a QST.  Brazil will propose a permanent 60
meter ham radio allocation; rules restructuring underway in
Australia and Austria; the FCC turns down a petition to
create a 4 meter band in the USA; the ARRL Simulated
Emergency Test to be held October 4th and 5th; a ham radio
flood relief effort in India is stalled by government red
tape and the Dayton Hamvention begins solicitation
nominations for its 2015 awards program.  All this and more
on Amateur Radio NewslineT report number 1937 coming your
way right now.


(Billboard Cart Here)

**

BRAZIL PROPOSES 5275 KHZ TO 5450 KHZ INTERNATIONAL
ALLOCATION FOR AMATEUR SERVICE

Anatel which is the national telecommunications agency of
Brazil will propose new 60 meter Amateur Service allocation
from 5275 to 5450 kHz,  This at the next meeting of the
Inter-American Telecommunication Commission or CITEL slated
to take place from September 29th to October 4th at M�rida
City, Mexico.  Amateur Radio Newsline's Don Wilbanks, AE5DW,
has the details:

--

The decision to move forward occurred on September 11th at
the Brazilian Communications Commission.  This is a
consultative committee for WRC-15 subjects formed by
government, industry and representatives of the society and
is lead by Anatel.

The 5275 to 5450 kHz contiguous secondary allocation is the
widest segment recently suggested by compatibility and
sharing studies at the ITU.  Even so, the preliminary
proposal will also consider national adaptations since it
will include a footnote where is described that each
national administration can provide additional constraints
to provide further compatibility with existing services and
other national and local spectrum realitie.

As reported Canada also plans to introduce a similar request
at the upcoming meeting.  In its case the proposal will be
for a split allocation running from 5.330 to 5.355 MHz and
the second beginning at 5.405 and ending at 5.430 MHz.  In
both proposals the Amateur Service would be on a secondary,
non interfering basis to existing 60 meter spectrum users.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline. I'm Don Wilbanks, AE5DW, in
southern Mississippi.

--

Despite Canada and Brazil being the first countries in
Region 2 to officially support Amateur Service around 5300
MHz, several others already have authorized domestic
allocations considering past successful experiments.

(GDE/LABRE)

**

RESTRUCTURING:  WIA SEEKS MEMBER INOUT FOR NEW HAM RULES FOR
THAT NATION

The Wireless Institute of Australia is seeking input from
the V-K ham community on possible new regulations to bring
before that nation's telecommunications regulator as we hear
from Roger Harrison, VK2ZRH:

--

The regulation that governs amateur radio in Australia,
known as the License Conditions Determination, or LCD, will
expire on the first of October next year.  The Australian
Communications and Media Authority - the ACMA - has
to "remake" the LCD so that regulation of the Amateur
Service continues after that date.  This offers the WIA and
the Australian amateur community an opportunity to re-think
how best to regulate the Amateur Service now, and for the
future.

The LCD sets out how the three license grades operate, their
frequency bands, the transmission modes that may be used and
maximum permitted powers.  The WIA Board has identified a
raft of issues for evaluation and invites all current and
prospective amateurs to have input on any related matter,
before a final submission - or series of submissions - is
prepared by the Board.

The WIA sees the need to better align the LCD with the
regulations prevailing in other countries - particularly for
Foundation and Standard licensees . . . and license
conditions set to enable Australian amateurs to adapt to
emerging technologies; a new LCD should reduce unnecessary
regulatory burdens - on both amateurs and the ACMA.

A major issue raised by the WIA Board is that the remade
Amateur LCD must include direct reference to the
electromagnetic emission - or EME - requirements all
amateurs must meet, so that every amateur is made aware
of their compliance obligations.

Another key issue identified by the WIA Board is to have a
new LCD allow greater flexibility to experiment, with
amateur radio to remain a self-regulating service with no
reduction or downgrading from the current Apparatus License
principles.

In summary - for the Advanced license, the WIA advocates a
relaxation of permitted bandwidths and, in line with greater
awareness and compliance with the EME requirements, a power
limit of up to 1000 watts without having a separate a
permit. In addition, a variety of new frequency band
allocations are also to be sought.

For the Standard license - the WIA advocates a relaxation of
bandwidths to allow wideband digital and image modes, up to
200 watts output, and an increase in the number of permitted
bands - particularly the lower part of six meters at 50-52
MHz - the latter was pursued with the ACMA some years ago.

For the entry level Foundation License, the WIA will seek
the addition of digital modes, the use of commercial DIY
transmitter kits, permitted for the use of converted non-
amateur transceivers to ham bands, an increase of
power level to 25 watts, and conditions to enable unattended
operation and remote control - this style of operation is
permitted in other countries, the UK for example.

This is Roger Harrison VK2ZRH.

--

Roger Harrison, VK2ZRH, is a member of the Board of
Directors of the Wireless Institute of Australia.  (WIA
News)

**

RESTRUCTURING:  NEW AMATEUR RADIO ACT IN PREPARATION FOR
AUSTRIA

Another nation that appears to be getting ready for some
level of license restructuring is Austria.  This with word
that the Austrian national ham radio society is involved in
the negotiations with the government telecommunications
ministry, to create a new Amateur Radio Act.

On September 15th the President of the national society was
contacted by senior representatives of the Federal Ministry
and invited to discuss a contemporary redesign of Austrian
amateur radio rules.  The invitation notes that the current
Amateur Radio Act of 1999 and forms the fundamental basis
for the amateur radio service in Austria.  It provides the
basic Amateur Service framework at the national level, the
detailed regulations and frequencies available to hams in
Austria.

According to the Austrian national ham radio society, the
negotiations will revolve around modernizing that nation's
rules.  This so as they are more contemporary, bring relief
in the application process and also enable such concepts as
remote operation.  The society notes that recent experiments
with remote operation proceeded without any disturbances or
incidents.  (OVSV, Southgate)

**

RADIO LAW:  2300 MHZ RESTRICTION IN NIJMEGEN NETHERLANDS

The Netherlands Ham News reports radio amateurs within 20
miles of the city of Nijmegen lost the use of the 2300 MHz
band on September 21st.  This is because TV video and audio
links that will use the frequencies 2325, 2335, 2345 and
2355 MHz each with a bandwidth of 8 MHz.  In the Netherlands
television broadcasters are the primary users of the 13 cm
band.  The article did not say if this loss is permanent or
only for a limited time.  (Netherlands Ham News)

**

RADIO LAW:  FCC TURNS DOWN PETITION TO CREATE A UNITED
STATES 4 METER HAM BAND

There will not be a 4 meter band in the United States
anytime in the near future if ever.  At least it appears
that way after the FCC acts to dismiss a rule making request
filed by Glen Zook, K9STH, of Richardson, Texas, who had
asked that such a ham radio band be created.  Amateur Radio
Newsline's Heather Embee, KB3TZD, has more:

--

In his filing, Glen Zook, K9STH, had asked the Commission to
allocate 70.0 to 70.5 MHz to the amateur radio service.
This based on the migration of broadcast television stations
to primarily UHF frequencies and there-by basically
eliminating any probable interference to television channels
4 or 5.

In denying the request the FCC noted that there are still a
trio of full power broadcasters and more than 100 low power
television broadcasters currently using TV channel 4 in the
United States.  The regulatory agency also noted the likely
re-farming of the broadcast television landscape after the
upcoming incentive auction to free up UHF spectrum for
broadband.  This might mean numerous full power television
stations being forced to relocate to the low band broadcast
allocations that includes channels 4 and 5.

The 4 meter band is authorized in several ITU region one
nations including the United Kingdom.  Hams in North America
have been experimenting with cross-band contacts by
monitoring the 4 meters while using time coordination and
other Region Two amateur service spectrum to try to make
contacts.  This is not unlike the so-called old days before
I-T-U Region one had a six meter allocation.  Back then,
hams on this side of the Atlantic worked their European
counterparts by returning their calls on what were
informally known as the 10 meter to 6 meter calling
frequencies.

For the Amateur Radio Newsline. I'm Heather Embee, KB3TZD,
reporting.

--

The complete text of the FCC's denial of the petition by
K9STH in PDF format is at tinyurl.com/zook-petition-denied.
More information regarding current amateur radio operation
on 4 meters can be found at tinyurl.com/four-meters-today.

(FCC, ARNewsline archives)

**

In DX up-front, word that JH1AJT operating portable from
Eritrea went QRT at around 18:00 UTC on September 22nd after
having made over 4,200 QSOs.  According to JA1TRC of the FGC
Radio Team, after JH1AJT arrives back in Tokyo they were to
begin arranging DXCC documentation and register the
operation with Logbook of the World.  They will also provide
a Club Log online check and OQRS for convenient QSL'ing
after JH1AJT returns to the FGC office.
(JA1TRC)

**

DX UP FRONT: NEPAL THROUGH OCTOBER 4TH

DK5AD will be active from Nepal as 9N7AD through October
4th.  His operation is holiday style on the HF bands using
an Elecraft KX3 and a vertical antenna. QSL via his home
callsign. For updates keep an eye on QRZ.com under DK5AD or
9N7AD.  (OPDX)

**

BREAK 1

Time for you to identify your station.  We are the Amateur
Radio Newsline, heard on bulletin stations around the world
including the QSO Radio Show with Ted Randall, WB8PUM heard
each week Worldwide on shortwave station WTWW.

(5 sec pause here)


**

ACCIDENT REPORT:  WISCONSIN HAM KILLED IN FALL FROM TOWER

A sad story to report.  James Linstedt, W9ZUC, of Eau Clair,
Wisconsin died Tuesday, September 16th following injuries
sustained when he fell 95 feet from an amateur radio
tower just outside of Chippewa Falls, Wisconsin.

Linstedt, age 59, is reported to have had extensive
experience climbing and working on towers.   Chippewa County
Sheriff Jim Kowalczyk says it appears Linstedt was wearing a
safety harness while on the 100-foot-tall tower, but as he
moved around on the tower he was not safely strapped in.
(Nevada AR News, Eau Clair Leader)

**

RESCUE RADIO:  INDIA HAMS HOPE TO RESPOND TO KASHMIR
FLOODING

Bureaucracy and red-tape has apparently placed a ham radio
relief operation on hold to India's flood ravaged Jammu and
Kashmir regions.  As this newscast is being prepared, the
amateur radio communications team is ready to go but there
are some sticking points.

Suri Ram Mohan, VU2MYH, is the executive vice-chairman and
director of the National Institute of Amateur Radio.  He
notes that the operation of amateur radio is banned in
certain areas like Jammu and Kashmir.  As such ham relief
operators cannot jump into action without seeking
permission from India's Wireless Planning Commission and Co-
ordination Wing.

VU2MYH says that he has written to the agency's wireless
advisor asking him to grant the ham radio relief
communicators permission to operate from those locations
without facing any legal complications.  If everything
worked out as VU2MYH hoped, the operator's should be on
station by the time this newscast goes to air.  (New India
Express)

**

RESCUE RADIO:  ARRL SIMULATED EMERGENCY TEST OCTOBER 4-5

The 2014 ARRL sponsored national Simulated Emergency Test or
SET is slated for the weekend of October 4th and 5th.  SET
usually pronounced as the word set is a nationwide exercise
in disaster response and emergency communication,
administered by the League's emergency coordinators and net
managers, in which volunteers respond to a mock emergency or
disaster, such as an earthquake or hurricane.

SET offers volunteer public service communicators the
opportunity to focus on their capabilities, strengths, and
weaknesses.  This, while interacting with National Traffic
System nets.  It also provides a public demonstration to
served agencies such as the Red Cross, along with state and
local emergency managers.

More about this years Simulated Emergency Test can be found
on the League's website using the link tinyurl.com/arrl-set-
2014  (ARRL)

**

HAM TECHNOLOGY:  IARU R1 RELEASE VHF/UHF/MICROWAVE HANDBOOK

IARU Region 1 has released edition 6.14 of the free VHF
Managers Handbook covering the VHF, UHF and Microwave
amateur radio bands.  While primarily aimed at activities on
these bands in Europe, Africa and parts of the Middle-East,
the publication contains quite a bit of information
applicable to operations world-wide.  This is especially
true in the area of planning contact attempts between
various IARU regions.

The handbook has chapters on Band Planning, Contests,
Propagation Research, Operating Procedures and Satellites.
It also goes into intricate detail on a number of technical
aspects such as specifying a standard for the use of
circular polarization defining which way helical beam
antennas should be threaded.  You can download your copy of
this informative publication at tinyurl.com/IARU-VHF-
Handbook-6-14  (IARU-R1)

**

HAM TECHNOLOGY:  PLAN FOR BETA RELEASE OF WSJT-X V1.4

A public beta release of the weak signal data modes
software WSJT-X, version 1.4, is now planned for October
1st.

WSJT-X is a computer program designed to facilitate basic
amateur radio communication using very weak signals.  The
first four letters in the program name stand for "Weak
Signal communication by K1JT," while the suffix "X"
indicates that this version started as an extended and
experimental branch of WSJT.

Some of the changes in version 1.4 relative to version 1.3
include such items as improved C-A-T control for most radios
including expanded support for Commander, Ham Radio Deluxe,
and OmniRig.  Other improvements are the ability to better
handle messages that include compound callsigns and support
for standard localization conventions to mention only a few.

In all, there are nine specific changes and improvements to
the WSJT-X software in this latest release.  To find out
what they are send your web browser tinyurl.com/njabe49 to
read the latest WSJT-X manual.  (K1JT, WSJT Development
Team)

**

HAM TECHNOLOGY:  MEASURING TRANSMITTER NOISE

An interesting web page that measures the transmitter
performance of noise element production by a number of
popular amateur radio transceivers has been created by Jim
Brown, K9YC.  In his research, Brown measured such areas as
key clicks, intermodulation distortion, and phase noise.
You can see the results of his study on the web at
k9yc.com/TXNoise.pdf  (Southgate)

**

RADIO HONORS: POSTAGE STAMP FEATURES HAM RADIO SATELLITES

A new Lithuanian postage stamp features the amateur radio
satellites LituanicaSAT-1 and LitSat-1.  The two CubeSats
were launched to the International Space Station last
January 9th and deployed from the ISS on February 28th.

LituanicaSAT-1 carried a FM transponder and a camera while
LitSat-1 had a linear SSB and CW transponder developed by
William Leijenaar, PE1RAH.  LitSat-1 was the lighter
satellite and re-entered the Earth's atmosphere on May 23.
The heavier LituanicaSAT-1 remained on-orbit until this past
July 28.  (Southgate)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  LOCATION NAMED FOR 2015 NEVADA STATE ARRL
CONVENTION

The Boomtown Resort and Casino in the city of Reno has
been picked by the Sierra Nevada Amateur Radio Society as
the site for the 2015 ARRL Nevada State Convention.  Known
as NVCON, the convention will run May 1st to the 3rd of
2015.  More information will be released as it's made
available.   (Nevada AR Newswire)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  TEXAS HAM-CON MOVES TO LARGER VENUE

Ham-Com, the largest amateur radio convention in Texas,
announced that it will be moving the location of the 2015
event to the Irving Convention Center.

The Ham-Com board of directors deemed the move necessary due
to the increased growth they have experienced over the past
several years.

For the past several years the gathering has been held at
the Plano Center in Plano, Texas.  Both locations are near
the Dallas metropolitan area and only a short drive from
Dallas - Fort Worth International Airport.

Because of its central location, Ham-Com draws attendees
from every state and visitors from around the world for the
yearly event.  The show hosts various American Radio Relay
League division events and also has the longest-running Boy
Scouts of America radio merit badge program held during the
convention.

Ham-Com 2013 will be held on June 12th and 13th.  More on
the move and the show itself can be found at www.hamcom.org
(Ham-Com)

**

HAM HAPPENINGS:  DAYTON HAMVENTION SOLICITING 2015 AWARD
NOMINATIONS

The 2015 Dayton Hamvention is soliciting nominations for its
Amateur of the Year, Special Achievement, Technical
Excellence and Club of the Year awards.

The Amateur of the Year Award goes to an individual who has
made a long-term, outstanding commitment to the advancement
of amateur radio.

The Special Achievement Award honors someone who has made an
outstanding contribution to the advancement of amateur radio
such as spearheading a significant project.

The Technical Excellence Award is for the person who has
made an outstanding technical advancement in the field of
amateur radio.

Last but by no means least, the Club of the Year award is
presented to a radio club which has made a significant
contribution to the advancement of amateur radio.

Additional details on these awards and a nomination form are
available www.hamvention.org/awards.php.  Completed
submissions go electronically to awards (at) hamvention
(dot) org or mailed to Dayton Hamvention Awards, PO Box
1446, Dayton, Ohio 45401 and must be received by January
16th, 2015.  The winners will be recognized at the 2015
Hamvention which runs May 15th to the 17th.  (DARA)

**

BREAK 2

This is ham radio news for today's radio amateur.  We are
the Amateur Radio Newsline with links to the world from our
only official website at www.arnewsline.org and being
relayed by the volunteer services of the following radio
amateur:

(5 sec pause here)

**

RADIO TECHNOLOGY:  DIP IN STRATOSPHERIC RADIATION DURING
SOLAR STORM

A rather surprising outcome to a scientific experiment.  On
September 12th, student scientists from Earth to Sky
Calculus in California launched a weather balloon during the
most intense solar storm so far this year.

They expected to measure an increase in the radiation
count.  Instead they measured a sharp drop.  The reason for
this phenomena is thought to be something call the Forbush
Decrease named after physicist Scott Ellsworth Forbush who
first described it in the 20th century.

Simply said, when the Suns Coronal Mass Ejection, or CME
sped past Earth, it swept aside many of the cosmic rays that
normally surround our planet.  More on the unexpected
outcome to this experiment can be found by searching for
"students measure Forbush decrease" on the Spaceweather.com
website.  (Southgate, spaceweather.com)

**

RADIO FROM SPACE:  ROSETTA MISSSION ANNOUNCES PHILLAE
LANDING SITE

Europe's Rosetta mission team, which intends to land a probe
on the 4km-wide comet 67 P later this year, has identified
what they think is the safest place to land the small robot
craft.  Now, researchers and controllers from the European
Space Agency have chosen what appears to be a relatively
smooth region on the smaller of the comet's two lobes as the
spot to send the lander named Phillae.

Comet 67P is currently some 273million miles from Earth. The
plan is still to make the Phillae landing attempt on
November 11th.   The area where ESA hopes the Phillae probe
will successfully set down is designated as landing site J.
(ESA)

**

WORLDBEAT: DUTCH NPO TO END MEDIUM WAVE TRANSMISSIONS

It is reported that Netherlands Public Broadcasting plans to
end its medium wave AM broadcasts.  The Netherlands Ham
Radio News website says that both the 747 kHz in Flevoland
and 1251 kHz in South Limburg are slated to be closed but no
dates for this action to take place have yet been announced.
(Netherlands Ham News)

**

WORLDBEAT:  EUROPEAN MEDIUM WAVE BROADCASTER TO END AM
TRANSMISSIONS

Another European broadcaster is planning to stop all of its
RF based transmissions.  Medium Wave Info reports that
Deutschland Radio will end broadcasting in the Medium and
Long Wave bands by years end.

A press release says that on December 31st that transmitter
sites Donebach on 153 kHz, Sehlendorf and Oranienburg on 177
kHz along with the Aholming transmitter on 207 kHz will
close.  In all more six medium wave stations are planned to
close by or on December 31, 2015.
(Southgate)

**

ON THE AIR:  ARIZONA QSO PARTY OCTOBER 11 - 12

On the air, this years Arizona QSO Party will take place on
October 11th and 12th.  Modes to be used will include Phone,
CW and digital modes on 160 through 2 meters excluding the
WARC bands.

The Arizona QSO Party is sponsored by the ARRL Arizona
Section and Catalina Radio Club.  Full information on this
event including complete time scheduling and log submission
is in cyberspace at www.azqsoparty.org.  (Arizona QSO Party)

**

ON THE AIR:  CALIFORNIA QSO PARTY OCTOBER 4 - 5

Also on the near horizon is the 49th annual California QSO
Party slated to begin at 16:00 hours UTC on October 4th and
running through 22:00 hours on October 5th.  This event is
sponsored by the Northern California Contest Club which
invites operators world wide to take part.  More information
on this event is on the web at www.cqp.org  (W6TCP)

**

ON THE AIR:  EI1100WD CELEBRATING IRELAND'S OLDEST CITY

Ireland's oldest city, Waterford, is celebrating its 1100th
birthday and ham radio is a part of the festivities.
Through years end the South Eastern Amateur Radio Group is
activating the special event call-sign E1100WD on the High
Frequency bands from various sites.  More information, modes
and logs are to be posted at searg.com and on the SEARG
Facebook page.  (IRTS)

**

DX

In DX, N7QT and AB1UH will be active as VK9AN from Christmas
Island through October 2nd.  This is a suitcase expedition
on 80 through 10 meters using CW, SSB and the Digital modes.
QSL via N7QT, direct, via the bureau or electronically using
Logbook of the World.  Their next stop will be on Raivavae
Island in the Australs using the callsign TX5Z.

JH3AZC, JH3QFL and JR3GWZ will be will be active as V63AZ,
V60O and V63GW, respectively, from Pohnpei Island Micronesia
between October 10th to the 14th.  Their operation will be
on 80 through 6 meters using CW, SSB, RTTY and JT65.  They
also plan a 2 meter moonbounce operation while there using
the callsign V60EME. QSL via each operator's home callsign.

F4HAU has announced that he will activate several African
islands during the month of October.  These include Reunion
Island operating stroke FR from October 9th to the 24th.
This will include a side trip to Rodrigues Island from the
13th to the 17th where he will be heard operating stroke 3 B
9.  QSL as directed on the air.

N7OU will once again be operating as E51NOU from Rarotonga
in the South Cook Islands, between October 13th and November
9th.  Activity will be on 160 through 10 meters using CW
only.  Operation will be in his spare time as work allows.
QSL via N7OU.

DL7VOA will be operational as J34O from Grenada between
November 22nd and December 6th.  Activity will be holiday
style, mainly on CW with the possibility of some SSB during
his evening and nighttime hours.  QSLs for J34O are by the
Bureau or direct to DL7VOhA.

Lastly, N7XR reports on his Web page that the VQ9XR
operation from Diego Garcia has been delayed but that
sometime in October looks possible.  Activity will be
focused on 160 through 10 meters using CW and RTTY with some
SSB.  QSL via NN1N direct only.  No bureau or electronic
QSL's will be accepted for this one.

This weeks DX news courtesy of the Ohio Penn DX Newsletter

**

THAT FINAL ITEM:  NEW TECHNIQUE FOR INDUSTRIAL-SCALE
GRAPHENE PRODUCTION

And finally this week, a Penn State University Research team
has suggested a new technique for industrial-scale
production of single atom layers of graphene.  This is one
of the strongest materials ever developed as we hear from
Hal Rogers, K8CMD:

--

Graphene is pure carbon in the form of a very thin, nearly
transparent sheet, one atom thick.  It is remarkably strong
for its very low weight and is said to be many times
stronger than steel.  It also conducts heat and electricity
with remarkable efficiency.  But until now, mass producing
it had eluded the scientific community.

Recently the Penn State team developed a new way of
separating graphene sheets from graphite.  The scientists
used a technique known as intercalation to produce single
atom sheets of graphene.  Using this method, guest molecules
or ions are inserted between the carbon layers of graphite.
Later, the single atom layers can be pulled apart.

Scientists suggest that graphene could be used in numerous
ways.  These include the design and manufacture of more
efficient solar cells, improving the form factor of
electronic equipment and launching truly flexible electronic
equipment.

I'm Hal Rogers, K8CMD

--

A study of this new technology has been published in the on-
line edition of the Journal Nature Chemistry.  It can be
found at tinyurl.com/penn-state-graphine  (newsmaine.net)

**

NEWSCAST CLOSE

With thanks to Alan Labs, AMSAT, the ARRL, CQ Magazine, the
FCC, the Ohio Penn DX Bulletin, the Dayton Hamvention, Rain,
the RSGB, the South African Radio League, the Southgate
News, TwiT-TV, Australia's WIA News and you our listeners,
that's all from the Amateur Radio Newsline.  Our e-mail
address is newsline (at) arnewsline (dot) org. More
information is available at Amateur Radio Newsline's only
official website located at www.arnewsline.org. You can also
write to us or support us at Amateur Radio Newsline, 28197
Robin Avenue, Santa Clarita California, 91350..

For now, with Bill Pasternak, WA6ITF, at the editors' desk,
I'm Jim Damron, N9TMW, saying 73 and we thank you for
listening.

Amateur Radio Newsline™  is Copyright 2014.  All rights
reserved

0 comentários: