WORLDWIDE DX CLUB Top News - BC-DX #1255 5 June 2016

23:48 Fernando Luiz de Souza 0 Comments






compiled by Wolfgang Büschel, Germany




ANGOLA   4949.729  Radio Nacional de Angola, Mulenvos, at 1850-2005 UT
on 2 June, Portuguese, comments, African songs, identification: "Radio
Nacional de Angola, onda curta, frecuencia de 4950 kHz, onda media,
frecuencia..., frecuencia modulada,...", at 1859 UT: "Desde Luanda,
capital da Republica de Angola, transmite Radio Nacional de Angola", time
signals, news. 24322. Also 1905-1940 UT on 02 June, Portuguese, news,
comments. 14321.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

ARMENIA   17560  Radio Northern Ireland Test TX to Asia.
To our listeners in Asia: On Sunday, 5th June 2016 from 1000-1030 UT we
will manage a broadcast for Radio Northern Ireland program on 17560 kHz
via Transmitter Gavar in Armenia at 100 kW, directed at 100 degr.
(Alan Gale-UK, SSF_B via BrDXC-UK ng June 3)

seemingly backlobe of 280 degrees antenna A86 / A87,
see Gavar image at
<https://app.box.com/s/5i09fl72c5ylrjujvojazyerrkfjci74>
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

AUSTRALIA   15240  on June 4 at 0022 UT, RA is poor at S4, and rapid
pulsing mostly on low side. This always seems to be the case at least on
the home rigs, and am not sure if it's local or ChiCom jamming. Admittedly
the same pulses appear at some other spots below 15240 kHz on 19m, and
also e.g. around 13760 kHz. Anyhow, RA is much better on // 17840 kHz
aimed right at us than 15240 kHz aimed at Alaska.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

No pulsing at 0235 UT June 4, clean signals RHC 15230 and RA SHP 15240 kHz
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

BOTSWANA   6080, Voice of America - Moepeng Hill, at 0312-0400* UT on May
25, Daybreak Africa program with promos, IDs and features. Editorial at
0357 UT just before closedown. Instrumental music and carrier cut. Fair to
good.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

BRAZIL   logs of June 4
5939.871  BRA  Voz Missionaria
6040.779  BRA  Radio RB2 in Brazil.
6180.022  BRA  RNA / RNB Brasilia at 0624 UT on June 4th
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CANADA/GERMANY
6069.982  CAN  CFRX Toronto domestic progr, politics report at 0612 UT.
and also co-channel
6070.006  D    Now also to make money with US like religious Ministry
          sermons, heard via small low power station in Ingolstadt
          Rohrbach Bavaria. Broad "New Testament Reading" in English
          language, no control problem at Bavarian ...
<https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayerische_Landeszentrale_f%C3%BCr_neue_Med
ien>
"Sie beaufsichtigt die privaten Rundfunkangebote ministry deals in Bayern"
"She oversees {government control} the private broadcasting deals in
Bavaria".

6159.956  CAN  one of the Canadian domestics made it into Germany 0618 UT
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CHAD/CUBA   6164.957  0425-2300 UT scheduled Radio N'Djamena in French
and also co-channel
6165even  CUB  RHC Bauta on June 4 at 0620 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

COLOMBIA   5910  Alcaravan Radio, Puerto Lleras, at 0500-0550 UT on 3-
June, Latin American songs, identification, female: "5910 kHz  Alcaravan
Radio y 6010 kHz  La Voz de tu Conciencia, desde Colombia para el mundo",
male: "Alcaravan Radio, 1060 AM". 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

COLOMBIA   5910.039  Lovely Latin American songs heard on Alcaravan Radio,
S=6-7 into southern Germany at 0610 UT on June 4.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CONGO - COD   CANDIP Bunia COD same power S=6-7 or -84dBm noted here in
Germany, on 5066.391 kHz at 2003 UT, TX off at 2005 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

CUBA   towards Chicago 15140 kHz at 1900-2000 UT is MISSING from this!
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld May 26)

15140  RHC Spanish (!), live speech of Raul Castro to the crowd, about
Caribe countries at 1951 UT June 4. Broadband 19 kHz wide signal. S=9+15dB
or -65dBm strong in Michigan US remote SDR unit. But scheduled

1800-1830 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM Arabic     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
1830-1900 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM Creole     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
1900-2000 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM English    HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
2000-2030 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM French     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10

But on 15370 similar like 15140 or S=9+15dB or -65dBm strong signal
at 19 kHz wideband signal, Philatelist program at 1957 UT:
1930-2000 15370 BAU 100 kW 010 degr to WeEUR  French     HRS 4/4/0.8  A2
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

ETHIOPIA  [tentat.]  HoA mx heard at 20-21 UT slot, probably Radio Amhara
from Addis Ababa-Gedja. Maybe Ramadan or weekend special, music program
also at 2025 UT. S=9+20dB or -56dBm signal.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

EQUATORIAL GUINEA   5005, Radio Nacional, Bata, at 1903 UT on June 2, now
on air with clear signal, Spanish, id. "Radio Nacional", African songs.
14321.
(Manuel Mendez-ESP, hcdx June 2)

5005.001 kHz at 1950 UT S=6-7 or -84dBm noted here in Germany.
MX program at 2001 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

FRANCE   Reception of Radio France International Paris on June 2

1200-1230 17815 ISS 500 kW 198 deg to WeAF Mandingo Mon-Fri, not 15275
1200-1300 15300 ISS 500 kW 200 deg to NoWeAF French, ex17620
1200-1300 17620 ISS 500 kW 185 deg to WeCeAF French, ex21690
1200-1300 17660 MDC 250 kW 305 deg to CeAF   French no change
1200-1300 21580 ISS 500 kW 155 deg to CeAF   French no change
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

FRANCE   Good signal of UNIDentified station via TDF on June 4

1800-1900 15480 ISS 250 kW 145 deg to SoAF Rundi/Swahili/French
* registered in HFCC from Malagasy Global Business effective June 1.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

GERMANY   Feature "Bei Sendung Mord - Die Jagd auf Radiomoderatoren in
Brasilien, Jornalista de radio no Ceara e assassinado..."

Freitag, 3. Juni, 20:10-21:00 CEST, Das Feature:
"Bei Sendung Mord - Die Jagd auf Radiomoderatoren in Brasilien"
Von Grit Eggerichs, Regie: Hannah Georgi
Produktion: DLF 2016
Deutschlandfunk
<http://www.deutschlandfunk.de/bei-sendung-mord-die-jagd-auf-
radiomoderatoren-in-brasilien.1247.de.html?dram:article_id=353199>

<https://knightcenter.utexas.edu/pt-br/blog/00-16233-jornalista-de-radio-
no-ceara-e-assassinado-tiros-enquanto-apresentava-programa>

<http://ondemand-
mp3.dradio.de/file/dradio/2016/06/03/dlf_20160603_2010_621325b2.mp3>
ca.  43 MB / MP3
(Roger Thauer-D, A-DX ng June 3)

GERMANY   Am Anfang war das Radio (DLRKultur).
Deutschlandradio Kultur am 25. Juni 2016, 05.05 Uhr CEST

Aus den Archiven
Am Anfang war das Radio (1/ von /7)
"Die Entstehung des Rundfunks in Deutschland, Grossbritanien und
Oesterreich"

Von Heinz Schroeter/ RIAS 1971. Vorgestellt von Michael Groth
(Teil 2 am 30.Juli 2016)
(Paul Gager-AUT, A-DX ng June 3)

GREECE   11645  on June 4 at 0015 UT, Greek music on poor S4 signal, not
usually on air before sunrise, but here instead of 9935 kHz, where I tuned
first and guessed VOG was off for the weekend. But // 9420 kHz also on and
much stronger. In deep summer 11645 kHz might work overnight, and provide
more frequency diversity than two 9 MHz channels only 515 kHz apart,
albethey on somewhat different azimuths.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 4)

Yes, at 0238 UT noted on remote unit in Edmonton Alberta Canada:
11645even kHz S=9 or -71dBm,
 9420.005 kHz S=8 or -81dBm, little fluttery.

and at 2027 UT on June 4 here in Germany, nice typical Greek mx singer
11645even kHz S=9+20 or -51dBm,
 9420.005 kHz S=9+15 or -59dBm, fluttery.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

GREECE   Reception of Voice of Greece 9420 and 11645 kHz, June 2

0600-0701  9420 AVL 170 kW 323 deg to WeEUR Greek* tx#3 and off
0600-0700 11645 AVL 100 kW 182 deg to allAF Greek* tx#1 and off

Reception of Voice of Greece on 9420 and 9935 kHz, May 28
from 1845 9420 AVL 170 kW 323 deg to WeEUR Greek tx#3
from 1845 9935 AVL 100 kW 285 deg to WeEUR Greek tx#1

* plus news in Serbian, Romanian, Spanish, Russian, Polish,
Albanian and Italian. Today missing Arabic language service
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

GUINEA ECUATORIAL   5005  Radio Nacional, Bata, at 1903-2010 UT, 2-June,
Spanish, comments, identification: "Radio Nacional", African songs, at
1930 UT, Vernacular and Spanish comments, more indentication: "Su Radio
Bata", "A todos los oyentes de Radio Bata". 14321 to 24322. Also at
0452-0504 UT on 3-June, Spanish, comments. Very weak. 14321.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

INDIA   Short wave frequencies from Delhi-Khampur being dropped.
At first sight, the reductions at the external service of All India Radio
seemed to suggest a transmitter failure at Delhi Khampur. However, taking
into account the reductions at the Home Service reported earlier and the
overlaps in broadcast times, this seems to be deliberate.

0000-0115 11985 AIR External Service Tamil. 0045 Sinhala
0100-0200  9635 ES Sindhi
0200-0230  6030 HS Uttarakhand programme
1145-1315 11845 ES Chinese
1215-1430  6030 HS Uttarakhand programme
1215-1315 11710 ES Burmese
1320-0043  6155 HS National Channel
1330-1500 11620 ES English
1515-1730 17670 ES Swahili. 1615 Hindi
1745-1945 17670 ES English
(Prof. Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, 25 May 2016, DXindia yg via dxld)

INDONESIA   7289.93  RRI Nabire, at 0736-0812* UT on June 3. Started with
JBA music; after 0800 UT announcer till suddenly off, by which time the
signal had improved a lot; sign off time conforms to Atsunori Ishida's
info.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

IRAN   7285  Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran - Zahedan, at 2324-
0025* on May 25, conversation by two men in the Arabic language. ID at
0000 UT followed by a man hosting recitations and later a woman hosting
other features. Carrier terminated while another man was talking. Fair to
good.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

IRAN   a lot of special Ramadan coverage 1 June to 5 July of IRIB Tehran.
5930 7250 7375* 7410 7420 kHz etc.

Some Ramadan specials from 01 June 2016 to 05 July 2016
5930 2200 2330 39       SIR 500 240 -30 218 Arabic  IRN IRB 16674 ARBIC-S
7250 2200 2330 39       SIR 500 235   0 146 Arabic  IRN IRB 16669 ARBIC-S
7375 1950*2250 29S,40NW SIR 500 320   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16670 TURK-AZ
7375 2250 0050 29S,40NW SIR 500 340   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16676 TURK-AZ
7410 0020 0120 29S,39N  SIR 500 320   0 146 Turkish IRN IRB 16671 TURK-ES
7410 2320 0020 39 SIR 500 320 0 146 Kurdish IRN IRB 16672 KURD-rm Sorani ?
7420 2250 0050 29S,40NW SIR 500 340   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16673 TURK-AZ

* not heard in 1950 to 2030 UT slot when checked, June 3 and 4, wb.
(hfcc database, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

IRELAND   Saving RTE 252 Long Wave, Ireland's Long Distance Broadcast
Service.

Listeners are campaigning to save a long wave radio station from closure,
but the management are adamant it will close.RTE Radio 1 is the general
information and entertainment service of the Irish Republic's public
service broadcaster.

UK listeners can currently hear the station on internet, Freesat
(satellite radio) and 252 kHz long wave. The main subject of our story -
the long wave station at Clarkstown, Ireland - became the replacement for
the much missed medium wave station at Athlone.

RTE hoped the long wave signal would better reach the Irish diaspora as
far as London to help them keep in touch with home. A long wave service
can cover distances of over 500 to 1,000 miles in daylight, and even
further at night. Many European nations have citizens working and living
in other European countries, who want to stay in touch with home. There
are extensive seagoing industries - fishing, shipping, oil - and the LW
signals warn them of storms coming.

These days satellite communications are widely used and the LW broadcasts
are less important. The drawbacks of LW are that large antenna systems are
needed, which take up a lot of space; high power is needed to produce a
very strong ground wave for daytime reception; and only a limited number
of stations can be fitted into the band, so they must all share
frequencies and take steps to avoid interfering with each other.

Over the years radios coming onto the market in Europe frequently do not
include the long wave band. The LW station in Ireland was set up in 1989
as a commercial radio station called Atlantic 252, broadcasting rock music
to the UK. It established a loyal audience, but could not compete with the
UK's established network of commercial local radio stations, and made a
loss. It closed in 2002.

RTE saw the chance to acquire a long wave station - a long held ambition -
and snapped it up. A period of re-engineering followed to improve the
facility. The service quickly built up an audience in the UK, appealing to
English as well as the diaspora. There were still reception issues. The
distance between Dublin and London is around 300 miles. In London, RTE
began to suffer co-channel interference from the other user of 252 kHz:
Tipaza, Algeria, some 1,000 miles from London. Tipaza beams Chaine 1 to
the Algerian diaspora in France. The transmitter was quite ancient and
began to drift from the nominal frequency. The staff at Tipaza did their
best to keep their station operating and on frequency. Listeners in London
and eastern England began to hear the morning call to prayer and other
items from Chaine 1 clearly under RTE.

Then Tipaza failed completely and went off the air for months. A German
transmitter company was awarded the contract to replace Algeria's entire
public broadcasting system. When Tipaza returned to the air, the signal
was stronger and the co-channel interference moved closer to Dublin. The
usual methods of reducing co-channel interference were perfected by the
FCC for the US' AM band.

They include using directional aerials, and cutting the power at night.
Unfortunately those methods are not as effective on LW as they are on MW.
Ireland's economy deteriorated and RTE's finances were affected. In 2014
RTE announced they would close the LW station in a few weeks, saying it
was obsolete and closure would save 250,000 euros (around US $280,000).

The listeners were having none of it. A huge outcry ensued which won them
a stay of execution while other methods of reaching the diaspora were
investigated. Somewhat miffed at having their plans thwarted, RTE reduced
the power, badly affecting reception. Then RTE joined a consortium to bid
for the second UK national DAB digital radio multiplex. That would have
given RTE national coverage in the UK. Alas, the other bidders won and RTE
is not included on the implemented multiplex. There is a saying that the
opera is not over until the lady sings.

The campaign to save RTE on 252 continues; the Suits are insisting the
switch will be pulled in 2017 - but the lady who sings, Madame Godot, has
not yet arrived at the stage door. Hopefully, as usual, she won't.

<http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2016/06/03/saving-rte-252-long-wave/>
(Radio Survivor _ By Paul Bailey. via Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK June 3)

MADAGASCAR   9480  QSL, Madagascar World Voice verified an electronic
report with a partial data electronic response from Henry Huffard at
African Pathways Radio in less than a day who indicated "I plan to fill
out my QSL's tomorrow, so you should receive yours next week" which
happened.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

MADAGASCAR   Reception of WCB KNLS Madagascar World Voice
1800-1900  9570 MWV 100 kW 355 deg to EaEUR Russian Radio KNLS
1900-2000 11945 MWV 100 kW 355 deg to NE/ME Arabic  Radio Feda
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

18.58:10 UT tx off, Russian 9570 kHz heard at 1850 UT here in Germany at
S=9+20dB or -53dBm signal strength. Similar strength of -51dBm also noted
at 1902 UT start of Arabic sce of Radio Feda on 11945 kHz, all fqs even
accurate !
(wb, BC-DX TopNews June 4)

MALAYSIA   Registered frequencies of Radio Television Malaysia (RTM)
in HFCC
0000-2400  5965 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Klassik Nasional FM
0100-1600  6050 KAJ 010 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Asyik/Salam/Info FM
0400-0700  6080 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
0000-1600  6100 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
1000-1600  6175 KAJ 100 kW 000 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
2200-1630  7270 STA 100 kW 045 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
0000-2400  7295 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS English TRAXX FM
1000-1600  9750 KAJ 100 kW 150 deg to AUS    Malay/English RTM
0000-2400  9835 KAJ 100 kW 093 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM Sarawak FM
0100-1600 11665 KAJ 100 kW 093 deg to SoEaAS Iban RTM Wai/Sarawak FM or24h
0400-1000 15295 KAJ 250 kW 133 deg to AUS    Malay/English RTM

Active frequencies at present are 9835 kHz and 11665 kHz.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

MALAYSIA   Registered frequencies of Radio Television Malaysia (RTM)
in HFCC

0000-2400  5965 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Klassik Nasional FM
Ivo - Believe "Radio Klasik" (formerly "Klasik Nasional")
was last heard in Nov 2014. Ron

0100-1600  6050  KAJ 10 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Asyik/Salam/Info FM
Ivo - Believe Asyik FM briefly re-activated for a short time
in April of this year, after having been silent for many months
before that, and has not been heard since April. Ron

0400-0700  6080 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Believe I never heard this one. Ron

0000-1600  6100 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Back in April 2011, RTM was indeed here, but briefly and
then moved up to 7325 kHz. Ron

1000-1600  6175 KAJ 100 kW 000 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Back in 2010, both Glenn, Dan Sheedy and I were monitoring
the Voice of Malaysia on 6174.4 and later on 6175.0, but didn't stay
there too long. Believe VOM closed down all SW activity in late 2011. Ron

2200-1630  7270 STA 100 kW 45 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - In late June 2011, RTM officially closed the Sarawak transmitter
site at Kuching-Stapok, that had been using 7270. Ron

0000-2400  7295 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS English TRAXX FM
Ivo - Traxx FM has been silent on 7295 kHz for a long time now. The last
time I heard Traxx FM programming was when there was a satellite audio
feed problem and RTM put Traxx out over 11665 (normally was Wai FM), back
on Sept 26, 2014. Traxx FM was one of my favorite RTM stations!
A typical reception -  <https://goo.gl/ppfgiF>  Ron

1000-1600  9750 KAJ 100 kW 150 deg to AUS  Malay/English RTM
Ivo - Occasionally heard their Suara Islam program on 9750 kHz back in
2010, but not heard in a long time. Ron

0000-2400  9835 KAJ 100 kW 93deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM Sarawak FM
Ivo - Daily hear Sarawak FM here, usually with good signal. Ron

0100-1600  11665 KAJ 100 kW 93deg to SoEaAS Iban RTM Wai/Sarawak FM or 24h
Ivo - Daily hear Wai FM here, as well as Mons & Thurs.
1315-1400 UT with relay of "Limbang FM." Ron

0400-1000  15295 KAJ 250 kW 133 deg to AUS  Malay/English RTM
Ivo - Former VOM frequency that I last heard in June 2011.
Believe VOM closed down all SW activity in late 2011. Ron

Active frequencies at present are 9835 kHz and 11665 kHz.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA to Ivo Ivanov-BUL, DXplorer via BC-DX TopNews June 2)

NIGERIA   7255  Voice of Nigeria, Ikorodu, at 0605-0625 UT on 3-June,
Hausa, comments. 24322. Also 1800-1828 UT on 3-May, English, news and
comments about Nigeria. 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

7255  VoN Ikorodu, at 0554 UT on June 3. Fair to good; pop American song
in English; 0557-0559 UT just open carrier, then IS till 0600 UT "Nigeria"
is said and more IS; in vernacular, but "Voice of Nigeria" IDs; within
half an hour much weaker reception.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

NIGERIA   6089.856  The only Nigerian stn on shortwave these days noted
around 0622 UT on June 4 here in Germany:

6089.856  NIG  Radio Nigeria Kaduna equal level, compared to Anguilla
6090even, sermon px of downunder well propagation, even from equator area.

And also a 3rd string visible on 6090 kHz channel,
like Brazilian Radio Bandeirantes on
6089.961 kHz.

7254.938 kHz  But now at 0700 UT I heard VoNigeria Ikorodu also in French,
poor signal on threshold S=4 or -95dBm level.

7254.940 kHz exact frequency noted also on French sce at 2003 UT on June
4.

6089.859 heavy BUZZ tone heard at 2023 UT on June 4, covered by co-ch
probably Radio Amhara from Addis Ababa-Gedja on even fq.

Nothing heard on 9 or 11 MHz from Nigeria so far.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

PAPUA NEW GUINEA   7324.95-non log  Wantok Radio Light has not been heard
for a while now. Latest check on June 3 at 0905 UT, with clear frequency.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

{BOUGAINVILLE}   6020  NBC Bougainville, at 0634-0642* UT on June 3. Pop
American hit song and Pacific Island pop song; suddenly off; poor.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

RUSSIA   7295 // 7345  Radio Sakha. June 3 with open carrier at tune in of
0855 UT; audio at 0900 UT, but no IS nor time pips; straight into Russian
programming; 7345 kHz, as usual the best reception when compared to 7295
kHz.

Have to wonder about item in dxld#16-21, reporting "presumed" R. Sakha
reception "0803+ UT," as I have only observed a *0900 UT sign on. All the
schedules I have seen also indicate *0900 UT, whether weekday or weekend,
with 0500* to *0900 UT being silent.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

RWANDA   Germans Close Business in Rwanda After Half Century Lease
Expires.

Once a powerful facility in the region, the German owned Deutsche Welle
radio center at Kinyinya hill outside Kigali is finally and completely
shutting down. It's no more.

In 1965, Rwanda leased 68.4 hectares on Kinyinya hill for fifty years to
the Germans - that later set up a massive facility to boost Deutsche
Welle, Germany's international broadcaster.

"We are stopping our short wave transmitters today and then next week we
will start dismantling them and the masts in order to meet the deadline of
August when our license expires,"
said Bernhard Ahlborn, the deputy director of Deutsche Welle.

On March 28, 2015 the facility stopped its operations, to begin
dismantling their equipment, to pave away for the handover of the Land to
Rwanda government.

The Germans will today hand over the premises of the relay station with
its infrastructure to the Government of Rwanda, to mark the end of 50 year
concession agreement.

The Deutsche Welle relay station in Kigali has been serving African and
the Middle East audiences. It was the only firm facility of the kind that
was remaining. The Germans had similar facilities in other 60 countries.

According to officials at Rwanda Utilities Regulation Authorities (RURA)
the land, plus houses that were developed in the area will be handed over
to government of Rwanda.

The annual operational cost of Kinyinya transmitters was said to be EUR3.3
million (about Rwf2.7 billion), but it is alleged the firm was making
loss, hence giving up its relay station in Rwanda.

With new technology, Frequency Modulation (FM) and internet available, the
public finds no need of switching to short wave radio signals.

Today, Rwanda government officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Ministry of infrastructure and the Germany Embassy will witness the
handover.

The Deutsche Welle property is adjacent to hundreds of hectares of land
that was acquired by Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB) to develop
affordable housing units.

<http://ktpress.rw/2016/05/germans-close-business-in-rwanda-after-half-
century-lease-expires/>

(KT_Press, May 31, 2016.  By Jean de la Croix_Tabaro.
via Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK ng June 2)

SAO TOME   6079.995  VoA English Sao Tome island, at 0605 UT on June 4th.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

SAUDI ARABIA   11915  Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- Riyadh, at 2234-2300* UT on May 25, man announcer and child talking on
the Arabic language followed by recitation. Later two men talking.
Eventually, carrier was terminated in mid-sentence. Fair.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

SLOVENIA   1170 MW, Radio Capodistria, Beli Kriz, at 1938-1950 UT on
3-June, Italian, comments, identification: "Radio Capodistria". 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

SOUTH AFRICA   6189.995  BBCWS English via SenTec Meyerton site in deep
downunder winter season scheduled 05-08 UT, heard at 0626 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

SOUTH AFRICA   3255 BBCWS extension down winter 6-7 UT via SenTec Meyerton
(hfcc database, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

TURKEY   10110 / 9145 kHz  VOT Emirler intermodulation.
Mail from IARU / DARC Band Watch, [INTRUDER ALERT].

On 03 June 2016 at 1835 UT on 10110 kHz Voice of Turkey, // px 9460 kHz.
(Wolfgang DK2OM, bandwatch June 3; via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews)

Re: 10110 VOT. Hallo, ja die 'uebliche' intermodulation Formel greift hier

9460 1600-2100 27,28   EMR 500 310   0 215 Turkish TUR TRT 16003
und 325 kHz apart, English 1830-1930 UTC
9785 1830-1930 27,28   EMR 500 310   0 205 English TUR TRT 16151

Gegencheck, englisches TRT Programm dagegen muss auf 9145 kHz aufscheinen.

 FREQ STRT STOP CIRAF ZONES          LOC POWR AZISLW ANT  LANG ADM BRC
  kHz    UTC    ITU zones                 kW degr    ITU#
REQUEST#

 5960 1600 2100 38E,39,40W           EMR 500 150   0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
4591
 6040 0400 0600 39                   EMR 500 138   0 215 Turk  TUR TRT
4592
 6165 0300 0400 38E,39,40W           EMR 250 138   0 215 Eng   TUR TRT
4593
 7210 1100 1130 28S                  EMR 250 280 -10 210 Bulg  TUR TRT
7419
 7360 1730 1830 38,47,48             EMR 500 180   0 216 Franz TUR TRT
16002
 9410 1730 1830 28                   EMR 500 318   8 205 Deu   TUR TRT
7428
 9460 1600 2100 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 215 Tur   TUR TRT
16003 <<
 9465 0200 0300 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 Uigur TUR TRT
16147
 9515 0300 0400 3-5,6E,7-11,17,27,28WEMR 500 325   0 219 Eng   TUR TRT
4601
 9530 1530 1630 29SE,39NE,40,41      EMR 500 105   0 215 Azeri TUR TRT
16005
 9540 1400 1500 38E,39,40            EMR 500 150  30 205 Arabi TUR TRT
16006
 9610 1400 1430 27S,28S,37N          EMR 500 280 -10 210 Ital  TUR TRT
16007
 9620 2030 2130 39-41,49,54,55,58-60 EMR 500 98   -7 219 Eng   TUR TRT
15556
 9635 1930 2030 27,28W               EMR 500 300   0 205 Franz TUR TRT
16148
 9655 1000 1100 29S,30SW             EMR 500 72   25 205 Georg TUR TRT
16149
 9735 0000 0200 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 Turk  TUR TRT
16150
 9765 1500 1600 30S,40               EMR 250 105   0 205 Farsi TUR TRT
16009
 9770 0100 0200 8S,10SE,11,12,27S,37NEMR 500 290   0 219 Span  TUR TRT
4631
 9785 1830 1930 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 205 Eng   TUR TRT
16151 <<
 9830 2200 2300 5,8,9,11N,17,18,27,28EMR 500 310 -10 215 Eng   TUR TRT
7421
 9840 1300 1600 27,28                EMR 500 310 -10 215 Turk  TUR TRT
16011
 9855 1000 1030 19-21,29,30          EMR 500 42   10 215 Tatar TUR TRT
16012
 9870 0100 0200 12S,13-15,16N,37     EMR 500 252   0 219 Span  TUR TRT
16013
11615 1930 2030 37,38,46             EMR 500 262  10 211 Franz TUR TRT
16014
11730 0700 0800 29SE,39NE,40NW       EMR 500 72    0 205 Azeri TUR TRT
16015
11750 0600 0900 29S,30S,40           EMR 500 80    0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
16016
11750 0900 1000 39N,40W              EMR 500 150  30 205 Arab  TUR TRT
16037
11765 1500 1630 40,41                EMR 500 100   0 205 Dari/Pashto/Uzbek
11795 0830 1000 39N,40NW             EMR 500 105   0 205 Farsi TUR TRT
16018
11825 1200 1230 29SE,30S,40N         EMR 500 72  -10 211 TurkmeTUR TRT
15703
11880 1330 1400 30,31                EMR 500 72   25 205 KazakhTUR TRT
16152
11930 1630 1730 27S,28,37            EMR 500 280 -10 210 Span  TUR TRT
16020
11955 0600 1200 38E,39,40W           EMR 500 150   0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
4634
11965 1300 1400 19-22,29,30N         EMR 500 0   -30 205 RussiaTUR TRT
16021
11980 0400 0600 18S,27,28            EMR 500 310  25 215 Turk  TUR TRT
15704
13635 0600 1300 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 215 Turk  TUR TRT
4620
13650 1030 1100 30S,40N              EMR 500 72    0 211 Uzbek TUR TRT
16153
13710 1200 1300 40,41N               EMR 500 105 -10 215 Urdu  TUR TRT
16023
13760 1130 1230 28                   EMR 500 318   8 205 DeutscTUR TRT
7423
15240 1100 1200 42-44                EMR 500 72   20 211 ChinesTUR TRT
16024
15410 1230 1330 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 UighurTUR TRT
15696
15450 1230 1330 18S,27,28W           EMR 500 318   8 205 Eng   TUR TRT
7424
15520 1630 1730 30S,40E,41N,49       EMR 500 105 -10 215 Eng   TUR TRT
16025
17770 1400 1500 37,38W,46            EMR 500 252   0 219 ArabicTUR TRT
16026

same IM happened some 2 years ago, July 31, 2014 [INTRUDER ALERT]
(vy73 wolfgang  df5sx  darc P11)

UNID   There is something on 13560 kHz sounding like a jammer. According
to the EiBi and other lists there is no one operating on that freq. at
this time (2245 UT). Or is it a DATA transmission of TASCOMM station
Portsmouth on that freq.?
I'm not familiar with DATA transmissions...
(Manfred R. Reiff-D, dxld + hcdx June 3)

I'm not sure about Europe, but around here, 13550-13570 kHz is a band
reserved for industrial, scientific, medical uses - and there is usually
some hash audible here centred on 13560 kHz, presumably from local
hospital machinery, RF ID devices, etc.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, dxld June 3)

Re: UNID station on 13560 kHz, at 0205 UT on June 4, digital data signal
fast speed hopping some 1 kHz up and down in range
13543 / 13544 kHz 0000-2359    Digital data station     DIG
S=6-7 signal in Moscow Russia remote SDR unit.

But in Alberta Canada 'seen' and heard 3 signals in this range

wideband like CODAR signal, 'shrap shrap' on 13384 - 13607 kHz,

data signal strings on 13560.100 {in total covered range 13559.8-13560.3}
and 13560.650 kHz.

Nothing heard this morning in Doha Qatar and Kyoto Japan. 73 wb df5sx
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

U.K.   MSF - Notice of Interruption. National Physical Laboratory Time &
Frequency Services.

The MSF 60 kHz Time and Frequency Signal broadcast from Anthorn Radio
Station will be shut down on Thursday 9 June 2016 from 10:00 to 14:00 BST,
09.00 to 13.00 UTC.

The interruption to the transmission is required to allow maintenance work
to be carried out in safety.

If you require any additional information, please contact us at:
<communications -at- npl.co.uk>

Or alternatively please see our website:
<www.npl.co.uk/time>
(Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK ng June 2)

USA/THAILAND   From: VOA Bengali via [dx_sasia] and [dxld]

My name is Anish Lalit from the Voice of America Bengali department.
We would like to please spread to fellow shortwave friends we are going to
be on shortwave at the times below.

6040 kHz: 0000-0100 UT 1234567 from Udon Thani with Az 280
7305 kHz: 0300-0400 UT 1234567 from Udon Thani with Az 276
We begin on Sunday 5th June 2016.

Please take our regards from VOA Bengali team. Yours faithfully,
(Anish Lalit, VOA Bengali department, dxld May 31)

VOA Bengali coming to shortwave

WRTH shows Bengali has been only on MW 1575 (from Bangkok Thailand) at
1600-1700 UT, so will that continue too? (gh)
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld May 31)

Voice of America Bengali coming again SW via Udornthani
0000-0100  6040 UDO 250 kW 280 deg to SoAS from June 5
0300-0400  7305 UDO 250 kW 276 deg to SoAS from June 5

But 6040 kHz is Voice of America Burmese in summer A-16
2330-0030  6040 UDO 250 kW 280 deg to SoEaAS // 15110, 17780
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

USA   7489.94  UT Sat June 4, WBCQ in 'Allan Weiner Worldwide' but Larry
Will is substituting, a.k.a. cosmikdebris, along with crazyjane. Taking
calls to his AC 301 number. At 0044 UT says they are working on expanding
programming on 9330 kHz to daytime and more in the night. // 5129.9-AM kHz
registers S8, but buried in the noise level, and no signal audible on
3250v kHz.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

7570  RMI  TOM? feed break ?, S=9+40dB powerhouse in Alberta CAN.
"angels flying in the midst of ... gospel to preach",
over and over again

But BS TOM heard real preaching on WBCQ
7489.954 kHz exact, S=9+20dB or -62dBm signal at 0250 UT June 4.

7460 0230-0315  MDA  R.Payem e-Doost(Bahai) via Kishinev-Grigoriopol-MDA
poor signal in Alberta, only S=5. In NJ-USA east coast S=9+10dB signal

7385.003 kHz likely as scheduled
7385 0200-0300  USA  WHRI Harvest Show  English Cypress Creek, Tue - Sat
female and male talk at 0256 UT, S=9+35dB in NJ-USA at 0312 UT

7365even  USA  R Marti and still Cuban scratching noise jamming.
ID at 0258 UT; and also jamming still at 0258 UT on channel
7335 0300-0700  USA  R. MARTI  Spanish Greenville  exc Mondays.
S=9+25dB in NJ-USA at 0318 UT.

7360even 0300-0330 CVA  VATICAN RADIO, English Santa Maria di Galeria
Vatican State, interview of female and male persons about incoms, taxes,
politics.
S=9+15dB in NJ-USA east coast at 0315 UT on June 4.

7325even, weak and tiny BBC Persian via Al Dhabbaya-UAE S=4-5

7310even
7310  0300-0315  D   BIBLE VOICE BCN Radio Dardasha7, Arabic, MBR Nauen
S=7-8 sidelobe -81dBm at 0304 UT in Alberta Canada remote SDR unit.

7205 Sudan Radio poor, disturbed by amateur radio stn of 7200 kHz channel.
[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

USA    Masters of bad timing:
BBG to eliminate Radio Liberty's shortwave broadcasts in Russian.

OPINION_By Ted_Lipien

<http://bbgwatch.com/bbgwatch/masters-of-bad-timing-bbg-to-eliminate-
radio-libertys-shortwave-broadcasts-in-russian/>

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the U.S. federal agency in
charge of media outreach abroad, is planning to eliminate all shortwave
radio broadcasts in Russian by U.S. taxpayer-funded Radio Free Europe /
Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) as of June 26, 2016.

Radio programming in Russian by Radio Liberty's Russian Service will,
however, continue 24/7 online on the RFE/RL website. Radio Liberty's
Russian audio will also be available 24/7 on two satellites, Hot Bird and
AsiaSat, according to the RFE/RL's Russian-language announcement.

Radio Liberty Russian Service will also continue to use 1386 kHz medium
wave radio frequency from midnight to 6 AM and from 9 PM to to 10 PM
Moscow time.

This frequency can only be heard in some parts of European Russia.

The BBG's other entity, the Voice of America (VOA), has not been using
shortwave radio transmissions since 2008.

They were eliminated by the BBG a few weeks before the August 2008 Russian
invasion of Georgia. Talk about bad timing.

I have always said that we don't need the CIA. Reliable predictions as to
where the next international crisis will happen can be made by looking at
program cutting decisions by the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

If you look at BBG's past decisions to cut programming - not just
shortwave radio but also entire services and/or satellite television
transmissions - they included broadcasts to Russia, China, Tibet, Georgia,
and Ukraine. The BBG bureaucracy usually made these decisions a few weeks
or months before a major crisis erupted in these countries. They have
missed hints of internal repression or external aggression with remarkable
consistency. It happens because the BBG has no executives with strong
foreign policy and international affairs backgrounds as the Voice of
America and Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty did during the Cold War.

The BBG has been an absolute disaster, a "practically defunct" agency, to
use former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's description of the BBG.
When she made her comment to Congress in 2013 she herself was an ex
officio member of the BBG board.

I don't believe that shortwave radio has a strong future, but in cutting
shortwave radio transmissions in Russian, Broadcasting Board of Governors
officials seem far too optimistic that the Russian authorities will not
block the Radio Liberty website.

Russia's media regulator, Roskomnxdzor, recently briefly blocked and then
unblocked RFE/RL's news website Krym.Realii (Crimea.Realities) in Russia
and Moscow-annexed Crimea. Roskomnxdzor's spokesman said that the Russian
authorities later unblocked Krym.Realii after RFE/RL's Crimean news desk
complied with a request by Russia's Prosecutor-General's Office to remove
from the site "materials that contain illegal information." RFE/RL denied
that it had removed any content.

Pressure on RFE/RL from the Russian government seems to be growing,
although RFE/RL's large news bureau in Moscow has not been shut down by
the Russian authorities. Many Western-funded NGOs have already been forced
to stop operating in Russia. RFE/RL may be next unless President Putin
thinks that he already has it under sufficient control in Russia by using
the FSB secret police to put pressure on RFE/RL journalists and their
bureau in Moscow.

In a hint of what may await Radio Liberty, Kremlin controlled Russian TV
channel NTV showed last March a propaganda hit piece on RFE/RL, in which
outlandish accusations were made against the American-funded broadcaster.
An earlier Russian television program "News Of The Week With Dmitry
Kiselyov," the Kremlin's lead propagandist, portrayed RFE/RL journalists
as spies conspiring against Russia. Nenad Pejic, RFE/RL editor in chief,
called the incident "a disgusting example of intimidation," and said that
"authorities in Russia appear to be preparing a case against us because of
our journalism."

To independent outside observers, these incidents illustrate a certain
political vulnerability of the BBG relying heavily on Internet program
delivery in Vladimir Putin's backyard. 71.3 % of Russia's population has
Internet access. Nearly 30 % does not. Many Russian speakers in regions
outside of the Russian Federation, including Moscow-occupied Crimea, still
don't use the Internet. With Putin's media making vague accusations of
spying against RFE/RL, some Russians may be afraid to access Western news
media websites out of concern that their Internet use could be monitored,
especially in Russia-occupied territories, such as Crimea.

Broadcasting Board of Governors officials, whose ranks have grown by leaps
and bounds in recent years, seem convinced, however, that shortwave radio
broadcasting has absolutely no future in Russia. In 2014, the BBG
established a Special Committee on the Future of Shortwave Broadcasting to
conduct a comprehensive review of the efficacy of shortwave radio as a
distribution platform for U.S. government-funded international media
outreach. According to the BBG's "Fiscal Year 2014 Performance and
Accountability Report,"

"The [BBG] committee found shortwave radio to be essential to listeners in
a few target countries, but of marginal impact in most markets. Based on
consistent and verifiable data, and audience-based research, it was
concluded that shortwave listenership around the world has plummeted, and
that shortwave usage does not generally increase during crisis situations.
Consequently, BBG has budgeted for the reduction of shortwave
transmissions to countries where it is not a viable delivery platform."

Much more worrisome, however, are minuscule audience reach numbers on any
media for both RFE/RL and VOA programs in Russian. In an apparent effort
to to hide this fact, the BBG makes it difficult to find on its website
recent weekly audience reach statistics for its programs in Russia. RFE/RL
publicizes instead less meaningful annual numbers of visitors or page
views online. According to RFE/RL, "RFE/RL's Russian-language sites
provided 266 million pages of content to almost 170 million visitors.
RFE/RL Russian-language Facebook pages registered almost 23 million
engaged users last year." RFE/RL's weekly audience reach in Russia,
however, is believed to be only about one or two percent of the country's
population. Kremlin's state media have huge audience numbers compared to
RFE/RL and VOA. That is understandable because Russian state media have
in-country distribution, including national TV networks, while the BBG
does not because the Russian authorities banned domestic rebroadcasts of
Radio Liberty and VOA programs. But VOA and RFE/RL are also far behind in
reach and impact compared to some of the few remaining independent Russian
news websites, such as Meduza. It operates from abroad on a much smaller
budget but has a much larger online audience in Russia.

Longtime BBG executive Jeff Trimble listening to a Gallup presentation
that support for Crimea being forcefully annexed by Russia is higher among
adults who use both Russian and Western media, suggesting that BBG
programs may still have a negative impact for the United States. February
2016.

Longtime BBG executive Jeff Trimble listening to a Gallup presentation
that support for Crimea being forcefully annexed by Russia is higher among
adults who use both Russian and Western media, suggesting that BBG
programs may still have a negative impact for the United States. February
2016.

Even more worrisome is the lack of significant impact of BBG programs in
Russia. In a nationally representative survey of Russia, the Associated
Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research found that "Russians'
attitudes toward the United States and President Barack Obama are
extremely unfavorable and have grown sharply more negative in the last
couple of years." "Eighty-one percent of Russians have an unfavorable
opinion of Obama, and only 2 percent have a favorable view of him," AP
reported.

The BBG may very well be right that shortwave radio transmissions cannot
do much more for augmenting its audience in Russia. But eliminating
shortwave radio will not help this practically defunct agency. BBG
officials have missed a very important point. BBG's impact in Russia is
not low because it does not have digital outreach, because it does, and it
is not low because the Russian authorities block BBG websites, because for
the time being they don't. BBG's impact in Russia is also not low because
it has or does not have shortwave radio transmissions, but the overall
audience reach will be smaller without them. The poorest and most
vulnerable audiences won't be served. Judging by past performance, any
money saved from cutting shortwave will be wasted on consultants and the
bureaucracy.

Here is what U.S. taxpayers who pay $777.8 million to the BBG (FY 2017
Budget Request), of which $121.1 million goes to RFE/RL and $224.4 to VOA,
need to know. BBG's impact in Russia is low because Putin's domestic
propaganda is highly successful. BBG's impact in Russia is also low
because BBG's program strategy and the quality and content of BBG programs
are obviously inadequate.

Several trends have contributed to the current crisis. Increasing control
over RFE/RL by BBG's federal bureaucracy has had a particularly negative
effect. The forced merging of RFE/RL and VOA brands have rendered their
respective programs and the joint program in Russian "Current Time"
largely ineffective. U.S. taxpayers' money is being wasted on the
government bureaucracy instead of being invested in producing better
quality programming that could stimulate intellectual discussion among
Russian speaking elites.

The Russians don't need more news, which is available everywhere. What
they need is more Western analysis and alternative domestic opinions. The
BBG may not be able to achieve high audience numbers in Russia, but at
least it has a chance to influence political discussion among the Russian
elites with the right kind of programming. This can have a multiplier
effect, as it did for much of the Cold War. During that period of high
impact, Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty employed top journalists and
experts.

Eliminating shortwave radio transmissions to Russia was an expected
bureaucratic response from the BBG designed to deflect attention from the
real problems the agency refuses to deal with. The move attempts to show
that the government bureaucracy is engaged in doing something, when in
fact it is only reducing its already small audience in Russia with its
shortwave decision while doing nothing to reform the agency and achieve
real impact.

The political timing of this decision couldn't be worse, even assuming
that eventual reductions of shortwave radio transmissions to some
countries are inevitable. But the BBG bureaucracy is famous for doing the
wrong thing at the wrong time or even the right thing but at the wrong
time.

An anonymous RFE/RL journalist got it right in commenting on RFE/RL's and
VOA's race for achieving "'Snappy, eye-catching' nothingness," which seems
to be BBG's current strategy.

"While Putin continues his inroads into former Soviet gory glory, this is
how the American taxpayers' dollar is getting wasted. Incompetence, hubris
and sausage measuring contests. What a shame. 'Snappy, eye-catching'
nothingness. While you gentlemen argue about 'exemplary analysis'
dissecting sausage-wielding in Georgia, Russian tanks are still in
Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Here's the prequel to the sequel. 'The Pork
Awakens.' Preparing to roll into another former Soviet republic maybe, and
we all know that Russian tank barrels hardly ever fire sausages, at vegans
or meat-eaters alike. But go on, have some mustard. No ketchup, please.
Not yet."

Disclosure: Ted Lipien is one of the co-founders and supporters of BBG
Watch (BBGWatch June 2 via dxld;
via Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

USA   Eliminating Radio Liberty SW Russian.

Optimistic BBG plans to eliminate RFE/RL Radio Liberty shortwave radio
transmissions to Russia, Crimea, other Russian-speaking regions

<http://bbgwatch.com/bbgwatch/optimistic-bbg-plans-to-eliminate-rferl-
radio-liberty-shortwave-radio-transmissions-to-russia-crimea-other-
russian-speaking-regions/>

BBG Watch Commentary

Russian Service of Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) posted an
announcement on its website that as of June 26, Radio Liberty Russian
programs will no longer be carried through shortwave radio transmissions
but will continue on the Internet. The loss of Radio Liberty's Russian
shortwave broadcasts will affect radio listeners in Russia as well as
Russian speakers outside of the Russian Federation, including Russian
occupied Crimea where many residents speak Russian.

Officials of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the federal agency
in charge of RFE/RL, bet that audiences will use the Internet without fear
of being monitored or other forms of interference by the local
authorities, such as blocking of websites. In the April 20, 2016 press
release, the BBG condemned targeting of independent journalists in Crimea,
including RFE/RL contributors.

71.3 % of Russia's population has Internet access, which means that nearly
30 % does not. While no one denies that shortwave radio listenership has
been in serious decline in recent years due to the expanding use of
digital media, Broadcasting Board of Governors officials seem to be making
highly optimistic assumptions about future behavior of Vladimir Putin.
Critics also point out that after years of poor management the BBG has now
an extremely small audience and impact in Russia, either on radio or the
Internet.

 "This is yet another indication that the agency under the Broadcasting
Board of Governors has no significant audience in Russia," a former BBG
staffer told BBG Watch. "They are not closing these facilities solely
because people have migrated to new media. Regardless of the media/medium,
the result is still the same: no significant audience in Russia,"

BBG and RFE/RL officials often cite misleading statistics, such as the
monthly number of site visitors or the number of Facebook "Likes" for a
single post, to hide the fact that its overall weekly audience in Russia
for all media may be less than one or two percent. Some of the remaining
independent Russian media outlets, such as Meduza and Rain TV, have much
greater online reach in Russia than RFE/RL or VOA, which seems to suggest
that the BBG program content is unappealing or otherwise inadequate.

BBG audiences are higher in countries which allow local rebroadcasting of
radio and TV programs. The BBG often has to pay local broadcasters for
these rebroadcasts because program quality and their audience appeal are
poor. Some VOA programs, however, such as the VOA Ukrainian Service and
VOA Albanian Service TV news broadcasts, are popular in the target
countries. This does not appear to be the case in Russia, which does not
mean that high-quality analytical programs with high-quality intellectual
content are not urgently needed. There has been a general decline in
journalistic standards under the Broadcasting Board of Governors. RFE/RL
has not had permanent leadership for over two years.

At present, the impact of BBG programs in Russia seems negligible. In a
nationally representative survey of Russia, the Associated Press-NORC
Center for Public Affairs Research found "Russians' attitudes toward the
United States and President Barack Obama are extremely unfavorable and
have grown sharply more negative in the last couple of years." "Eighty-one
percent of Russians have an unfavorable opinion of Obama, and only
2 percent have a favorable view of him," AP reported.

BBG's annual budget funded by U.S. taxpayers through congressional
appropriations is approximately $777 million
(FY 2017 Federal Budget Request).

While the shortwave Russian radio announcement was made by RFE/RL, radio
transmission services are provided by the Broadcasting Board of Governors
through its International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB). RFE/RL and BBG have
so far posted no announcements in English on their plans to cut shortwave
radio broadcasts in Russian to Vladimir Putin's Russia and other Russian
speaking regions, including Crimea, which Russia has illegally occupied.

Media freedom in the entire region has been in decline in recent years.
The latest RFE/RL and BBG press releases are dated May 25, 2016 and deal
with RFE/RL journalist Khadijah Ismayilova being released from prison in
Azerbaijan. The RFE/RL announcement on the planned elimination of
shortwave radio broadcasts was in Russian. It was posted on Radio
Liberty's Russian website.

In recent years, IBB has been significantly reducing shortwave radio
broadcasting by RFE/RL and by other of its U.S. taxpayer-funded media
entities, including the Voice of America (VOA). BBG officials point out
that in the era of Internet and digital media, shortwave radio
listenership has been in steep decline worldwide, including Russia. In
2008, IBB cut VOA Russian shortwave radio and live satellite television
transmissions shortly before Russia invaded and occupied parts of Georgia.

While RFE/RL websites remain vulnerable to being blocked at any time by
the Kremlin, the Russian authorities still allow RFE/RL to operate a large
news bureau in Moscow which provides news reports and other programming
mostly for Radio Liberty's Russian Service. This may account for the
optimism among BBG officials. They apparently assume that President Putin
will not dare to interfere with the Internet and try to block RFE/RL
websites in Russia.

However, Kremlin controlled Russian TV channel NTV produced a propaganda
hit piece on Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) which was
broadcast on March 25, 2016. NTV report linked legitimate physical
security measures at RFE/RL to vague accusations of allegedly hidden
activities against Russia in carrying out the U.S. government's agenda.
The Russian propaganda TV program also alleged misappropriation of U.S.
taxpayers' dollars at the RFE/RL Moscow bureau. RFE/RL strongly denied
these charges and in the March 18, 2016 press release condemned pressure
tactics against RFE/RL bureau in Moscow. BBG and RFE/RL officials must
assume that the Russian authorities will not expand these pressure tactics
to include blocking of RFE/RL and VOA websites in Russia.

BBG officials claim that the money spent on shortwave can be better used
to create new programs and expand digital program delivery options, but
critics point out that in recent years millions of dollars of U.S.
taxpayers' funds have been wasted mostly on the BBG and IBB bureaucracy in
Washington, which kept expanding and protected its jobs while cutting
radio broadcasts, other programs and programming positions.

New CEO John Lansing has been on the job at the Broadcasting Board of
Governors since September 2015. He has promised management reforms and
expansion of digital media outreach. Critics say that instead of depriving
the most vulnerable groups abroad of safe radio program delivery and an
inexpensive option of getting uncensored news and commentary through
radio, BBG officials should achieve savings and expand digital media by
drastically cutting their own bloated and inefficient bureaucracy.

The RFE/RL announcement says that 24h/7d RFE/RL radio transmissions in
Russian will continue online and can be heard through the RFE/RL website.
Radio Liberty's Russian audio can also be heard 24h/7d on two satellites,
Hot Bird and AsiaSat, according to the same RFE/RL announcement.

So far, the Russian government has not been regularly blocking RFE/RL
websites in Russia, but recently Russia's media regulator, Roskomnxdzor,
briefly blocked and then unblocked RFE/RL's news website Krym.Realii
(Crimea.Realities) in Russia and Moscow-annexed Crimea.

Roskomnxdzor's spokesman said that the Russian authorities later unblocked
Krym.Realii ("Crimea.Realities") after RFE/RL's Crimean news desk complied
with a request by Russia's Prosecutor-General's Office to remove from the
site "materials that contain illegal information."

RFE/RL's Crimean desk said, however, that it removed no content from the
site in response to the May 12 blocking of its website by Russian Internet
providers.

RFE/RL's Crimean desk chief Volodymyr Prytula said that "we received no
demands from Roskomnadzor calling for the removal of any kind of content.
So we removed no content."

While all shortwave Radio Liberty transmissions in Russian are to end on
July 26, according to RFE/RL's announcement, Radio Liberty Russian Service
will continue to use 1386 kHz medium wave radio frequency from midnight to
6 AM and from 9 PM to to 10 PM Moscow time. This frequency can only be
heard in some parts of European Russia.

Radio Liberty (originally named Radio Liberation) began shortwave
broadcasting to Russia on March 1, 1953.

See RFE/RL announcement (in Russian only) on the planned elimination of
Radio Liberty's shortwave radio transmissions in Russian.
(BBGWatch June 1 via dxld;
posted by Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

USA WHRI and WWRB

Thanks to Glenn for pointing out the special program from WHRI with superb
reception into the Pacific Northwest on 15720 kHz with the Indy 500. Seems
to me that WHRI has really gone by the wayside over the past several
years. In the past, they were a premier American private SW broadcaster.
These days, it seems, they have a much lower profile. Perhaps it's since
they no longer carry WOR, like they used to?

Nice ID at 18:16 UT on May 29. 15240 kHz, though not as strong, was still
very respectable today. Before 17:00 UT, they were advertising their
services and rates (WWRB), and after 17:00 UT, their "African Service".
Great African "High Life" music noted, reminding me of years past when
Africa proper used 15240 kHz (was it Zaire or Congo?).
(Walt Salmaniw-BC-CAN, dxld May 29)

15239.976  WWRB more a tiny S=6 signal into Michigan-US at 1840 UT,
and
15719.995  WHRI much better supposedly exciting presenter on racing
performance at 1845 UT on May 29, S=9 signal.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 29)

USA   WRMI tx#9 relay Brother HySTAIRical with 2 different audio June 2
till 1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English two audio feeds
from 1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English one audio feed

Updated summer A-16 schedule of WINB Red Lion from June 5

1130-1330  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Sun
1330-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Sat/Sun
1600-1900  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri*
1900-1945  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1945-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   Eng/Spa Mon-Thu
1945-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Fri
2000-2230  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Daily
2230-2300  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   Spanish Mon
2230-2300  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Tue-Sun
2300-0200  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Daily
0200-0230  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Fri-Tue
* Brother HySTAIRical

Updated summer A16 shortwave schedule of Brother HySTAIRical / TOM.

Cancelled all transmissions via WWRB Morrison  &
all via SPC-NURTS Sofia Kostinbrod relay

0000-0100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0000-0100  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0000-0100  5920 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon
0000-0100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0000-0100  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Mon
0000-0100  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0000-0100  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0100-0200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  5130vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Thu
0100-0200  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0100-0200  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0100-0200  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0100-0200  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0200-0300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  5130vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0200-0300  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  7490 BCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0200-0300 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

0300-0400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0300-0400  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0300-0400  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Tue-Sat
0300-0400  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0300-0400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Sun
0300-0400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0300-0400  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0300-0400 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0300-0400 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0400-0500  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0400-0500  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0400-0500  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0400-0500  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0400-0500  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0400-0500  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0400-0500 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0400-0500 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0500-0600  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0500-0600  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0500-0600  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0500-0600  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0500-0600 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0500-0600 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0600-0700  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0600-0700  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0600-0700  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0600-0700  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  7355 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English
0600-0700  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0600-0700  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0600-0700 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0600-0700 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0700-0800  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0700-0800  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0700-0800  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0700-0800  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0700-0800  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0700-0800  7355 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English
0700-0800  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0700-0800  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0700-0800  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0700-0800 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0700-0800 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0800-0900  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0800-0900  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0800-0900  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0800-0900  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0800-0900  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0800-0900  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0800-0900  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0800-0900  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0800-0900  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0800-0900 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0800-0900 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0900-1000  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0900-1000  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0900-1000  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0900-1000  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0900-1000  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0900-1000  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0900-1000  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0900-1000 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0900-1000 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

1000-1100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1000-1100  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1000-1100  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1000-1100  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1000-1100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1000-1100  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1000-1100  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1000-1100  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1000-1100 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1000-1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1000-1100 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1100-1200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1100-1200  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1100-1200  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1100-1200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1100-1200  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1100-1200 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1100-1200 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1100-1200 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1200-1300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1200-1300  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1200-1300  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1200-1300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1200-1300  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sun
1200-1300  9965 HBN 100 kW 345 deg to NoEaAS English
1200-1300  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1200-1300 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1200-1300 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1200-1300 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1200-1300 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1300-1400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1300-1400  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1300-1400  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1300-1400  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1300-1400 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1300-1400 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1300-1400 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1300-1400 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF English Sat/Sun
1300-1400 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1400-1500  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1400-1500  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1400-1500  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sat
1400-1500  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1400-1500 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1400-1500 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1400-1500 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1400-1500 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1400-1500 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Sat

1500-1600  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1500-1600  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1500-1600  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sat
1500-1600  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1500-1600  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1500-1600 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1500-1600 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1500-1600 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1500-1600 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1500-1600 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1600-1700  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1600-1700  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1600-1700  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1600-1700  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1600-1700  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1600-1700 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1600-1700 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1600-1700 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1700-1800  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1700-1800  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1700-1800  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1600-1800  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1700-1800  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1700-1800 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1700-1800 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1700-1800 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1800-1900  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1800-1900  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1800-1900  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1800-1900  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1800-1900  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1800-1900 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1800-1900 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1800-1900 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1800-1900 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1800-1900 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1800-1900 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Mon-Fri

1900-2000  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1900-2000  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1900-2000  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1900-2000  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1900-2000 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1900-2000 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1900-2000 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1900-2000 17815 HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Mon-Fri

2000-2100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2000-2100  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
2000-2100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2000-2100  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
2000-2100 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2000-2100 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2000-2100 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2000-2100 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

2100-2200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
2100-2200  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
2100-2200  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
2100-2200 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2100-2200 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2100-2200 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

2200-2300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2200-2300  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2200-2300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
2200-2300  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2200-2300  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English Mon/Tue
2200-2300  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
2200-2300 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2200-2300 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2200-2300 11750*HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon-Fri
2200-2300 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2200-2300 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English

2300-2400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2300-2400  5050 WRB 100 kW 045 deg to EaNoAM English
2300-2400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2300-2400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2300-2400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2300-2400  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2300-2400 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2300-2400 11750*HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon-Fri
2300-2400 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English

7490v=7489.9 AM mode      5130v=5129.7 in CUSB mode
^ 17815 June 5 - Sept 4   * 9505 from Sept 4
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

ZAMBIA   9680  Voice of Hope Africa, (via Makeni Ranch tx center site in
Lusaka Zambia) at 0504 UT on June 3. In English; time given as "7 0 4,"
which is their local Central Africa Time; "Breakfast Table" program with
preaching and songs; after 0530 UT same segment repeated twice; good
number of IDs; almost fair with QRN (static).
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)ANGOLA   4949.729  Radio Nacional de Angola, Mulenvos, at 1850-2005 UT
on 2 June, Portuguese, comments, African songs, identification: "Radio
Nacional de Angola, onda curta, frecuencia de 4950 kHz, onda media,
frecuencia..., frecuencia modulada,...", at 1859 UT: "Desde Luanda,
capital da Republica de Angola, transmite Radio Nacional de Angola", time
signals, news. 24322. Also 1905-1940 UT on 02 June, Portuguese, news,
comments. 14321.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

ARMENIA   17560  Radio Northern Ireland Test TX to Asia.
To our listeners in Asia: On Sunday, 5th June 2016 from 1000-1030 UT we
will manage a broadcast for Radio Northern Ireland program on 17560 kHz
via Transmitter Gavar in Armenia at 100 kW, directed at 100 degr.
(Alan Gale-UK, SSF_B via BrDXC-UK ng June 3)

seemingly backlobe of 280 degrees antenna A86 / A87,
see Gavar image at
<https://app.box.com/s/5i09fl72c5ylrjujvojazyerrkfjci74>
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

AUSTRALIA   15240  on June 4 at 0022 UT, RA is poor at S4, and rapid
pulsing mostly on low side. This always seems to be the case at least on
the home rigs, and am not sure if it's local or ChiCom jamming. Admittedly
the same pulses appear at some other spots below 15240 kHz on 19m, and
also e.g. around 13760 kHz. Anyhow, RA is much better on // 17840 kHz
aimed right at us than 15240 kHz aimed at Alaska.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

No pulsing at 0235 UT June 4, clean signals RHC 15230 and RA SHP 15240 kHz
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

BOTSWANA   6080, Voice of America - Moepeng Hill, at 0312-0400* UT on May
25, Daybreak Africa program with promos, IDs and features. Editorial at
0357 UT just before closedown. Instrumental music and carrier cut. Fair to
good.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

BRAZIL   logs of June 4
5939.871  BRA  Voz Missionaria
6040.779  BRA  Radio RB2 in Brazil.
6180.022  BRA  RNA / RNB Brasilia at 0624 UT on June 4th
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CANADA/GERMANY
6069.982  CAN  CFRX Toronto domestic progr, politics report at 0612 UT.
and also co-channel
6070.006  D    Now also to make money with US like religious Ministry
          sermons, heard via small low power station in Ingolstadt
          Rohrbach Bavaria. Broad "New Testament Reading" in English
          language, no control problem at Bavarian ...
<https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bayerische_Landeszentrale_f%C3%BCr_neue_Med
ien>
"Sie beaufsichtigt die privaten Rundfunkangebote ministry deals in Bayern"
"She oversees {government control} the private broadcasting deals in
Bavaria".

6159.956  CAN  one of the Canadian domestics made it into Germany 0618 UT
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CHAD/CUBA   6164.957  0425-2300 UT scheduled Radio N'Djamena in French
and also co-channel
6165even  CUB  RHC Bauta on June 4 at 0620 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

COLOMBIA   5910  Alcaravan Radio, Puerto Lleras, at 0500-0550 UT on 3-
June, Latin American songs, identification, female: "5910 kHz  Alcaravan
Radio y 6010 kHz  La Voz de tu Conciencia, desde Colombia para el mundo",
male: "Alcaravan Radio, 1060 AM". 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

COLOMBIA   5910.039  Lovely Latin American songs heard on Alcaravan Radio,
S=6-7 into southern Germany at 0610 UT on June 4.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

CONGO - COD   CANDIP Bunia COD same power S=6-7 or -84dBm noted here in
Germany, on 5066.391 kHz at 2003 UT, TX off at 2005 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

CUBA   towards Chicago 15140 kHz at 1900-2000 UT is MISSING from this!
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld May 26)

15140  RHC Spanish (!), live speech of Raul Castro to the crowd, about
Caribe countries at 1951 UT June 4. Broadband 19 kHz wide signal. S=9+15dB
or -65dBm strong in Michigan US remote SDR unit. But scheduled

1800-1830 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM Arabic     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
1830-1900 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM Creole     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
1900-2000 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM English    HRS 4/4/0.8  A10
2000-2030 15140 BAU 100 kW 340 degr to WeNoAM French     HRS 4/4/0.8  A10

But on 15370 similar like 15140 or S=9+15dB or -65dBm strong signal
at 19 kHz wideband signal, Philatelist program at 1957 UT:
1930-2000 15370 BAU 100 kW 010 degr to WeEUR  French     HRS 4/4/0.8  A2
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

ETHIOPIA  [tentat.]  HoA mx heard at 20-21 UT slot, probably Radio Amhara
from Addis Ababa-Gedja. Maybe Ramadan or weekend special, music program
also at 2025 UT. S=9+20dB or -56dBm signal.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

EQUATORIAL GUINEA   5005, Radio Nacional, Bata, at 1903 UT on June 2, now
on air with clear signal, Spanish, id. "Radio Nacional", African songs.
14321.
(Manuel Mendez-ESP, hcdx June 2)

5005.001 kHz at 1950 UT S=6-7 or -84dBm noted here in Germany.
MX program at 2001 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

FRANCE   Reception of Radio France International Paris on June 2

1200-1230 17815 ISS 500 kW 198 deg to WeAF Mandingo Mon-Fri, not 15275
1200-1300 15300 ISS 500 kW 200 deg to NoWeAF French, ex17620
1200-1300 17620 ISS 500 kW 185 deg to WeCeAF French, ex21690
1200-1300 17660 MDC 250 kW 305 deg to CeAF   French no change
1200-1300 21580 ISS 500 kW 155 deg to CeAF   French no change
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

FRANCE   Good signal of UNIDentified station via TDF on June 4

1800-1900 15480 ISS 250 kW 145 deg to SoAF Rundi/Swahili/French
* registered in HFCC from Malagasy Global Business effective June 1.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

GERMANY   Feature "Bei Sendung Mord - Die Jagd auf Radiomoderatoren in
Brasilien, Jornalista de radio no Ceara e assassinado..."

Freitag, 3. Juni, 20:10-21:00 CEST, Das Feature:
"Bei Sendung Mord - Die Jagd auf Radiomoderatoren in Brasilien"
Von Grit Eggerichs, Regie: Hannah Georgi
Produktion: DLF 2016
Deutschlandfunk
<http://www.deutschlandfunk.de/bei-sendung-mord-die-jagd-auf-
radiomoderatoren-in-brasilien.1247.de.html?dram:article_id=353199>

<https://knightcenter.utexas.edu/pt-br/blog/00-16233-jornalista-de-radio-
no-ceara-e-assassinado-tiros-enquanto-apresentava-programa>

<http://ondemand-
mp3.dradio.de/file/dradio/2016/06/03/dlf_20160603_2010_621325b2.mp3>
ca.  43 MB / MP3
(Roger Thauer-D, A-DX ng June 3)

GERMANY   Am Anfang war das Radio (DLRKultur).
Deutschlandradio Kultur am 25. Juni 2016, 05.05 Uhr CEST

Aus den Archiven
Am Anfang war das Radio (1/ von /7)
"Die Entstehung des Rundfunks in Deutschland, Grossbritanien und
Oesterreich"

Von Heinz Schroeter/ RIAS 1971. Vorgestellt von Michael Groth
(Teil 2 am 30.Juli 2016)
(Paul Gager-AUT, A-DX ng June 3)

GREECE   11645  on June 4 at 0015 UT, Greek music on poor S4 signal, not
usually on air before sunrise, but here instead of 9935 kHz, where I tuned
first and guessed VOG was off for the weekend. But // 9420 kHz also on and
much stronger. In deep summer 11645 kHz might work overnight, and provide
more frequency diversity than two 9 MHz channels only 515 kHz apart,
albethey on somewhat different azimuths.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 4)

Yes, at 0238 UT noted on remote unit in Edmonton Alberta Canada:
11645even kHz S=9 or -71dBm,
 9420.005 kHz S=8 or -81dBm, little fluttery.

and at 2027 UT on June 4 here in Germany, nice typical Greek mx singer
11645even kHz S=9+20 or -51dBm,
 9420.005 kHz S=9+15 or -59dBm, fluttery.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

GREECE   Reception of Voice of Greece 9420 and 11645 kHz, June 2

0600-0701  9420 AVL 170 kW 323 deg to WeEUR Greek* tx#3 and off
0600-0700 11645 AVL 100 kW 182 deg to allAF Greek* tx#1 and off

Reception of Voice of Greece on 9420 and 9935 kHz, May 28
from 1845 9420 AVL 170 kW 323 deg to WeEUR Greek tx#3
from 1845 9935 AVL 100 kW 285 deg to WeEUR Greek tx#1

* plus news in Serbian, Romanian, Spanish, Russian, Polish,
Albanian and Italian. Today missing Arabic language service
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

GUINEA ECUATORIAL   5005  Radio Nacional, Bata, at 1903-2010 UT, 2-June,
Spanish, comments, identification: "Radio Nacional", African songs, at
1930 UT, Vernacular and Spanish comments, more indentication: "Su Radio
Bata", "A todos los oyentes de Radio Bata". 14321 to 24322. Also at
0452-0504 UT on 3-June, Spanish, comments. Very weak. 14321.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

INDIA   Short wave frequencies from Delhi-Khampur being dropped.
At first sight, the reductions at the external service of All India Radio
seemed to suggest a transmitter failure at Delhi Khampur. However, taking
into account the reductions at the Home Service reported earlier and the
overlaps in broadcast times, this seems to be deliberate.

0000-0115 11985 AIR External Service Tamil. 0045 Sinhala
0100-0200  9635 ES Sindhi
0200-0230  6030 HS Uttarakhand programme
1145-1315 11845 ES Chinese
1215-1430  6030 HS Uttarakhand programme
1215-1315 11710 ES Burmese
1320-0043  6155 HS National Channel
1330-1500 11620 ES English
1515-1730 17670 ES Swahili. 1615 Hindi
1745-1945 17670 ES English
(Prof. Dr. Hansjoerg Biener-D, 25 May 2016, DXindia yg via dxld)

INDONESIA   7289.93  RRI Nabire, at 0736-0812* UT on June 3. Started with
JBA music; after 0800 UT announcer till suddenly off, by which time the
signal had improved a lot; sign off time conforms to Atsunori Ishida's
info.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

IRAN   7285  Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran - Zahedan, at 2324-
0025* on May 25, conversation by two men in the Arabic language. ID at
0000 UT followed by a man hosting recitations and later a woman hosting
other features. Carrier terminated while another man was talking. Fair to
good.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

IRAN   a lot of special Ramadan coverage 1 June to 5 July of IRIB Tehran.
5930 7250 7375* 7410 7420 kHz etc.

Some Ramadan specials from 01 June 2016 to 05 July 2016
5930 2200 2330 39       SIR 500 240 -30 218 Arabic  IRN IRB 16674 ARBIC-S
7250 2200 2330 39       SIR 500 235   0 146 Arabic  IRN IRB 16669 ARBIC-S
7375 1950*2250 29S,40NW SIR 500 320   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16670 TURK-AZ
7375 2250 0050 29S,40NW SIR 500 340   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16676 TURK-AZ
7410 0020 0120 29S,39N  SIR 500 320   0 146 Turkish IRN IRB 16671 TURK-ES
7410 2320 0020 39 SIR 500 320 0 146 Kurdish IRN IRB 16672 KURD-rm Sorani ?
7420 2250 0050 29S,40NW SIR 500 340   0 146 Azeri   IRN IRB 16673 TURK-AZ

* not heard in 1950 to 2030 UT slot when checked, June 3 and 4, wb.
(hfcc database, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

IRELAND   Saving RTE 252 Long Wave, Ireland's Long Distance Broadcast
Service.

Listeners are campaigning to save a long wave radio station from closure,
but the management are adamant it will close.RTE Radio 1 is the general
information and entertainment service of the Irish Republic's public
service broadcaster.

UK listeners can currently hear the station on internet, Freesat
(satellite radio) and 252 kHz long wave. The main subject of our story -
the long wave station at Clarkstown, Ireland - became the replacement for
the much missed medium wave station at Athlone.

RTE hoped the long wave signal would better reach the Irish diaspora as
far as London to help them keep in touch with home. A long wave service
can cover distances of over 500 to 1,000 miles in daylight, and even
further at night. Many European nations have citizens working and living
in other European countries, who want to stay in touch with home. There
are extensive seagoing industries - fishing, shipping, oil - and the LW
signals warn them of storms coming.

These days satellite communications are widely used and the LW broadcasts
are less important. The drawbacks of LW are that large antenna systems are
needed, which take up a lot of space; high power is needed to produce a
very strong ground wave for daytime reception; and only a limited number
of stations can be fitted into the band, so they must all share
frequencies and take steps to avoid interfering with each other.

Over the years radios coming onto the market in Europe frequently do not
include the long wave band. The LW station in Ireland was set up in 1989
as a commercial radio station called Atlantic 252, broadcasting rock music
to the UK. It established a loyal audience, but could not compete with the
UK's established network of commercial local radio stations, and made a
loss. It closed in 2002.

RTE saw the chance to acquire a long wave station - a long held ambition -
and snapped it up. A period of re-engineering followed to improve the
facility. The service quickly built up an audience in the UK, appealing to
English as well as the diaspora. There were still reception issues. The
distance between Dublin and London is around 300 miles. In London, RTE
began to suffer co-channel interference from the other user of 252 kHz:
Tipaza, Algeria, some 1,000 miles from London. Tipaza beams Chaine 1 to
the Algerian diaspora in France. The transmitter was quite ancient and
began to drift from the nominal frequency. The staff at Tipaza did their
best to keep their station operating and on frequency. Listeners in London
and eastern England began to hear the morning call to prayer and other
items from Chaine 1 clearly under RTE.

Then Tipaza failed completely and went off the air for months. A German
transmitter company was awarded the contract to replace Algeria's entire
public broadcasting system. When Tipaza returned to the air, the signal
was stronger and the co-channel interference moved closer to Dublin. The
usual methods of reducing co-channel interference were perfected by the
FCC for the US' AM band.

They include using directional aerials, and cutting the power at night.
Unfortunately those methods are not as effective on LW as they are on MW.
Ireland's economy deteriorated and RTE's finances were affected. In 2014
RTE announced they would close the LW station in a few weeks, saying it
was obsolete and closure would save 250,000 euros (around US $280,000).

The listeners were having none of it. A huge outcry ensued which won them
a stay of execution while other methods of reaching the diaspora were
investigated. Somewhat miffed at having their plans thwarted, RTE reduced
the power, badly affecting reception. Then RTE joined a consortium to bid
for the second UK national DAB digital radio multiplex. That would have
given RTE national coverage in the UK. Alas, the other bidders won and RTE
is not included on the implemented multiplex. There is a saying that the
opera is not over until the lady sings.

The campaign to save RTE on 252 continues; the Suits are insisting the
switch will be pulled in 2017 - but the lady who sings, Madame Godot, has
not yet arrived at the stage door. Hopefully, as usual, she won't.

<http://www.radiosurvivor.com/2016/06/03/saving-rte-252-long-wave/>
(Radio Survivor _ By Paul Bailey. via Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK June 3)

MADAGASCAR   9480  QSL, Madagascar World Voice verified an electronic
report with a partial data electronic response from Henry Huffard at
African Pathways Radio in less than a day who indicated "I plan to fill
out my QSL's tomorrow, so you should receive yours next week" which
happened.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

MADAGASCAR   Reception of WCB KNLS Madagascar World Voice
1800-1900  9570 MWV 100 kW 355 deg to EaEUR Russian Radio KNLS
1900-2000 11945 MWV 100 kW 355 deg to NE/ME Arabic  Radio Feda
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

18.58:10 UT tx off, Russian 9570 kHz heard at 1850 UT here in Germany at
S=9+20dB or -53dBm signal strength. Similar strength of -51dBm also noted
at 1902 UT start of Arabic sce of Radio Feda on 11945 kHz, all fqs even
accurate !
(wb, BC-DX TopNews June 4)

MALAYSIA   Registered frequencies of Radio Television Malaysia (RTM)
in HFCC
0000-2400  5965 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Klassik Nasional FM
0100-1600  6050 KAJ 010 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Asyik/Salam/Info FM
0400-0700  6080 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
0000-1600  6100 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
1000-1600  6175 KAJ 100 kW 000 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
2200-1630  7270 STA 100 kW 045 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
0000-2400  7295 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS English TRAXX FM
1000-1600  9750 KAJ 100 kW 150 deg to AUS    Malay/English RTM
0000-2400  9835 KAJ 100 kW 093 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM Sarawak FM
0100-1600 11665 KAJ 100 kW 093 deg to SoEaAS Iban RTM Wai/Sarawak FM or24h
0400-1000 15295 KAJ 250 kW 133 deg to AUS    Malay/English RTM

Active frequencies at present are 9835 kHz and 11665 kHz.
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

MALAYSIA   Registered frequencies of Radio Television Malaysia (RTM)
in HFCC

0000-2400  5965 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Klassik Nasional FM
Ivo - Believe "Radio Klasik" (formerly "Klasik Nasional")
was last heard in Nov 2014. Ron

0100-1600  6050  KAJ 10 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM Asyik/Salam/Info FM
Ivo - Believe Asyik FM briefly re-activated for a short time
in April of this year, after having been silent for many months
before that, and has not been heard since April. Ron

0400-0700  6080 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Believe I never heard this one. Ron

0000-1600  6100 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Back in April 2011, RTM was indeed here, but briefly and
then moved up to 7325 kHz. Ron

1000-1600  6175 KAJ 100 kW 000 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - Back in 2010, both Glenn, Dan Sheedy and I were monitoring
the Voice of Malaysia on 6174.4 and later on 6175.0, but didn't stay
there too long. Believe VOM closed down all SW activity in late 2011. Ron

2200-1630  7270 STA 100 kW 45 deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM
Ivo - In late June 2011, RTM officially closed the Sarawak transmitter
site at Kuching-Stapok, that had been using 7270. Ron

0000-2400  7295 KAJ 100 kW non-dir to SoEaAS English TRAXX FM
Ivo - Traxx FM has been silent on 7295 kHz for a long time now. The last
time I heard Traxx FM programming was when there was a satellite audio
feed problem and RTM put Traxx out over 11665 (normally was Wai FM), back
on Sept 26, 2014. Traxx FM was one of my favorite RTM stations!
A typical reception -  <https://goo.gl/ppfgiF>  Ron

1000-1600  9750 KAJ 100 kW 150 deg to AUS  Malay/English RTM
Ivo - Occasionally heard their Suara Islam program on 9750 kHz back in
2010, but not heard in a long time. Ron

0000-2400  9835 KAJ 100 kW 93deg to SoEaAS Malay RTM Sarawak FM
Ivo - Daily hear Sarawak FM here, usually with good signal. Ron

0100-1600  11665 KAJ 100 kW 93deg to SoEaAS Iban RTM Wai/Sarawak FM or 24h
Ivo - Daily hear Wai FM here, as well as Mons & Thurs.
1315-1400 UT with relay of "Limbang FM." Ron

0400-1000  15295 KAJ 250 kW 133 deg to AUS  Malay/English RTM
Ivo - Former VOM frequency that I last heard in June 2011.
Believe VOM closed down all SW activity in late 2011. Ron

Active frequencies at present are 9835 kHz and 11665 kHz.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA to Ivo Ivanov-BUL, DXplorer via BC-DX TopNews June 2)

NIGERIA   7255  Voice of Nigeria, Ikorodu, at 0605-0625 UT on 3-June,
Hausa, comments. 24322. Also 1800-1828 UT on 3-May, English, news and
comments about Nigeria. 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

7255  VoN Ikorodu, at 0554 UT on June 3. Fair to good; pop American song
in English; 0557-0559 UT just open carrier, then IS till 0600 UT "Nigeria"
is said and more IS; in vernacular, but "Voice of Nigeria" IDs; within
half an hour much weaker reception.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

NIGERIA   6089.856  The only Nigerian stn on shortwave these days noted
around 0622 UT on June 4 here in Germany:

6089.856  NIG  Radio Nigeria Kaduna equal level, compared to Anguilla
6090even, sermon px of downunder well propagation, even from equator area.

And also a 3rd string visible on 6090 kHz channel,
like Brazilian Radio Bandeirantes on
6089.961 kHz.

7254.938 kHz  But now at 0700 UT I heard VoNigeria Ikorodu also in French,
poor signal on threshold S=4 or -95dBm level.

7254.940 kHz exact frequency noted also on French sce at 2003 UT on June
4.

6089.859 heavy BUZZ tone heard at 2023 UT on June 4, covered by co-ch
probably Radio Amhara from Addis Ababa-Gedja on even fq.

Nothing heard on 9 or 11 MHz from Nigeria so far.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

PAPUA NEW GUINEA   7324.95-non log  Wantok Radio Light has not been heard
for a while now. Latest check on June 3 at 0905 UT, with clear frequency.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

{BOUGAINVILLE}   6020  NBC Bougainville, at 0634-0642* UT on June 3. Pop
American hit song and Pacific Island pop song; suddenly off; poor.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

RUSSIA   7295 // 7345  Radio Sakha. June 3 with open carrier at tune in of
0855 UT; audio at 0900 UT, but no IS nor time pips; straight into Russian
programming; 7345 kHz, as usual the best reception when compared to 7295
kHz.

Have to wonder about item in dxld#16-21, reporting "presumed" R. Sakha
reception "0803+ UT," as I have only observed a *0900 UT sign on. All the
schedules I have seen also indicate *0900 UT, whether weekday or weekend,
with 0500* to *0900 UT being silent.
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

RWANDA   Germans Close Business in Rwanda After Half Century Lease
Expires.

Once a powerful facility in the region, the German owned Deutsche Welle
radio center at Kinyinya hill outside Kigali is finally and completely
shutting down. It's no more.

In 1965, Rwanda leased 68.4 hectares on Kinyinya hill for fifty years to
the Germans - that later set up a massive facility to boost Deutsche
Welle, Germany's international broadcaster.

"We are stopping our short wave transmitters today and then next week we
will start dismantling them and the masts in order to meet the deadline of
August when our license expires,"
said Bernhard Ahlborn, the deputy director of Deutsche Welle.

On March 28, 2015 the facility stopped its operations, to begin
dismantling their equipment, to pave away for the handover of the Land to
Rwanda government.

The Germans will today hand over the premises of the relay station with
its infrastructure to the Government of Rwanda, to mark the end of 50 year
concession agreement.

The Deutsche Welle relay station in Kigali has been serving African and
the Middle East audiences. It was the only firm facility of the kind that
was remaining. The Germans had similar facilities in other 60 countries.

According to officials at Rwanda Utilities Regulation Authorities (RURA)
the land, plus houses that were developed in the area will be handed over
to government of Rwanda.

The annual operational cost of Kinyinya transmitters was said to be EUR3.3
million (about Rwf2.7 billion), but it is alleged the firm was making
loss, hence giving up its relay station in Rwanda.

With new technology, Frequency Modulation (FM) and internet available, the
public finds no need of switching to short wave radio signals.

Today, Rwanda government officials from Ministry of Foreign Affairs and
Ministry of infrastructure and the Germany Embassy will witness the
handover.

The Deutsche Welle property is adjacent to hundreds of hectares of land
that was acquired by Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB) to develop
affordable housing units.

<http://ktpress.rw/2016/05/germans-close-business-in-rwanda-after-half-
century-lease-expires/>

(KT_Press, May 31, 2016.  By Jean de la Croix_Tabaro.
via Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK ng June 2)

SAO TOME   6079.995  VoA English Sao Tome island, at 0605 UT on June 4th.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

SAUDI ARABIA   11915  Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- Riyadh, at 2234-2300* UT on May 25, man announcer and child talking on
the Arabic language followed by recitation. Later two men talking.
Eventually, carrier was terminated in mid-sentence. Fair.
(Rich D'Angelo-PA-USA, DXplorer May 30)

SLOVENIA   1170 MW, Radio Capodistria, Beli Kriz, at 1938-1950 UT on
3-June, Italian, comments, identification: "Radio Capodistria". 24322.
(Manuel Mendez-Lugo-ESP, hcdx June 3)

SOUTH AFRICA   6189.995  BBCWS English via SenTec Meyerton site in deep
downunder winter season scheduled 05-08 UT, heard at 0626 UT.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

SOUTH AFRICA   3255 BBCWS extension down winter 6-7 UT via SenTec Meyerton
(hfcc database, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

TURKEY   10110 / 9145 kHz  VOT Emirler intermodulation.
Mail from IARU / DARC Band Watch, [INTRUDER ALERT].

On 03 June 2016 at 1835 UT on 10110 kHz Voice of Turkey, // px 9460 kHz.
(Wolfgang DK2OM, bandwatch June 3; via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews)

Re: 10110 VOT. Hallo, ja die 'uebliche' intermodulation Formel greift hier

9460 1600-2100 27,28   EMR 500 310   0 215 Turkish TUR TRT 16003
und 325 kHz apart, English 1830-1930 UTC
9785 1830-1930 27,28   EMR 500 310   0 205 English TUR TRT 16151

Gegencheck, englisches TRT Programm dagegen muss auf 9145 kHz aufscheinen.

 FREQ STRT STOP CIRAF ZONES          LOC POWR AZISLW ANT  LANG ADM BRC
  kHz    UTC    ITU zones                 kW degr    ITU#
REQUEST#

 5960 1600 2100 38E,39,40W           EMR 500 150   0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
4591
 6040 0400 0600 39                   EMR 500 138   0 215 Turk  TUR TRT
4592
 6165 0300 0400 38E,39,40W           EMR 250 138   0 215 Eng   TUR TRT
4593
 7210 1100 1130 28S                  EMR 250 280 -10 210 Bulg  TUR TRT
7419
 7360 1730 1830 38,47,48             EMR 500 180   0 216 Franz TUR TRT
16002
 9410 1730 1830 28                   EMR 500 318   8 205 Deu   TUR TRT
7428
 9460 1600 2100 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 215 Tur   TUR TRT
16003 <<
 9465 0200 0300 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 Uigur TUR TRT
16147
 9515 0300 0400 3-5,6E,7-11,17,27,28WEMR 500 325   0 219 Eng   TUR TRT
4601
 9530 1530 1630 29SE,39NE,40,41      EMR 500 105   0 215 Azeri TUR TRT
16005
 9540 1400 1500 38E,39,40            EMR 500 150  30 205 Arabi TUR TRT
16006
 9610 1400 1430 27S,28S,37N          EMR 500 280 -10 210 Ital  TUR TRT
16007
 9620 2030 2130 39-41,49,54,55,58-60 EMR 500 98   -7 219 Eng   TUR TRT
15556
 9635 1930 2030 27,28W               EMR 500 300   0 205 Franz TUR TRT
16148
 9655 1000 1100 29S,30SW             EMR 500 72   25 205 Georg TUR TRT
16149
 9735 0000 0200 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 Turk  TUR TRT
16150
 9765 1500 1600 30S,40               EMR 250 105   0 205 Farsi TUR TRT
16009
 9770 0100 0200 8S,10SE,11,12,27S,37NEMR 500 290   0 219 Span  TUR TRT
4631
 9785 1830 1930 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 205 Eng   TUR TRT
16151 <<
 9830 2200 2300 5,8,9,11N,17,18,27,28EMR 500 310 -10 215 Eng   TUR TRT
7421
 9840 1300 1600 27,28                EMR 500 310 -10 215 Turk  TUR TRT
16011
 9855 1000 1030 19-21,29,30          EMR 500 42   10 215 Tatar TUR TRT
16012
 9870 0100 0200 12S,13-15,16N,37     EMR 500 252   0 219 Span  TUR TRT
16013
11615 1930 2030 37,38,46             EMR 500 262  10 211 Franz TUR TRT
16014
11730 0700 0800 29SE,39NE,40NW       EMR 500 72    0 205 Azeri TUR TRT
16015
11750 0600 0900 29S,30S,40           EMR 500 80    0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
16016
11750 0900 1000 39N,40W              EMR 500 150  30 205 Arab  TUR TRT
16037
11765 1500 1630 40,41                EMR 500 100   0 205 Dari/Pashto/Uzbek
11795 0830 1000 39N,40NW             EMR 500 105   0 205 Farsi TUR TRT
16018
11825 1200 1230 29SE,30S,40N         EMR 500 72  -10 211 TurkmeTUR TRT
15703
11880 1330 1400 30,31                EMR 500 72   25 205 KazakhTUR TRT
16152
11930 1630 1730 27S,28,37            EMR 500 280 -10 210 Span  TUR TRT
16020
11955 0600 1200 38E,39,40W           EMR 500 150   0 205 Turk  TUR TRT
4634
11965 1300 1400 19-22,29,30N         EMR 500 0   -30 205 RussiaTUR TRT
16021
11980 0400 0600 18S,27,28            EMR 500 310  25 215 Turk  TUR TRT
15704
13635 0600 1300 27,28                EMR 500 310   0 215 Turk  TUR TRT
4620
13650 1030 1100 30S,40N              EMR 500 72    0 211 Uzbek TUR TRT
16153
13710 1200 1300 40,41N               EMR 500 105 -10 215 Urdu  TUR TRT
16023
13760 1130 1230 28                   EMR 500 318   8 205 DeutscTUR TRT
7423
15240 1100 1200 42-44                EMR 500 72   20 211 ChinesTUR TRT
16024
15410 1230 1330 42,43                EMR 500 72  -10 211 UighurTUR TRT
15696
15450 1230 1330 18S,27,28W           EMR 500 318   8 205 Eng   TUR TRT
7424
15520 1630 1730 30S,40E,41N,49       EMR 500 105 -10 215 Eng   TUR TRT
16025
17770 1400 1500 37,38W,46            EMR 500 252   0 219 ArabicTUR TRT
16026

same IM happened some 2 years ago, July 31, 2014 [INTRUDER ALERT]
(vy73 wolfgang  df5sx  darc P11)

UNID   There is something on 13560 kHz sounding like a jammer. According
to the EiBi and other lists there is no one operating on that freq. at
this time (2245 UT). Or is it a DATA transmission of TASCOMM station
Portsmouth on that freq.?
I'm not familiar with DATA transmissions...
(Manfred R. Reiff-D, dxld + hcdx June 3)

I'm not sure about Europe, but around here, 13550-13570 kHz is a band
reserved for industrial, scientific, medical uses - and there is usually
some hash audible here centred on 13560 kHz, presumably from local
hospital machinery, RF ID devices, etc.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, dxld June 3)

Re: UNID station on 13560 kHz, at 0205 UT on June 4, digital data signal
fast speed hopping some 1 kHz up and down in range
13543 / 13544 kHz 0000-2359    Digital data station     DIG
S=6-7 signal in Moscow Russia remote SDR unit.

But in Alberta Canada 'seen' and heard 3 signals in this range

wideband like CODAR signal, 'shrap shrap' on 13384 - 13607 kHz,

data signal strings on 13560.100 {in total covered range 13559.8-13560.3}
and 13560.650 kHz.

Nothing heard this morning in Doha Qatar and Kyoto Japan. 73 wb df5sx
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

U.K.   MSF - Notice of Interruption. National Physical Laboratory Time &
Frequency Services.

The MSF 60 kHz Time and Frequency Signal broadcast from Anthorn Radio
Station will be shut down on Thursday 9 June 2016 from 10:00 to 14:00 BST,
09.00 to 13.00 UTC.

The interruption to the transmission is required to allow maintenance work
to be carried out in safety.

If you require any additional information, please contact us at:
<communications -at- npl.co.uk>

Or alternatively please see our website:
<www.npl.co.uk/time>
(Mike Terry-UK, BrDXC-UK ng June 2)

USA/THAILAND   From: VOA Bengali via [dx_sasia] and [dxld]

My name is Anish Lalit from the Voice of America Bengali department.
We would like to please spread to fellow shortwave friends we are going to
be on shortwave at the times below.

6040 kHz: 0000-0100 UT 1234567 from Udon Thani with Az 280
7305 kHz: 0300-0400 UT 1234567 from Udon Thani with Az 276
We begin on Sunday 5th June 2016.

Please take our regards from VOA Bengali team. Yours faithfully,
(Anish Lalit, VOA Bengali department, dxld May 31)

VOA Bengali coming to shortwave

WRTH shows Bengali has been only on MW 1575 (from Bangkok Thailand) at
1600-1700 UT, so will that continue too? (gh)
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld May 31)

Voice of America Bengali coming again SW via Udornthani
0000-0100  6040 UDO 250 kW 280 deg to SoAS from June 5
0300-0400  7305 UDO 250 kW 276 deg to SoAS from June 5

But 6040 kHz is Voice of America Burmese in summer A-16
2330-0030  6040 UDO 250 kW 280 deg to SoEaAS // 15110, 17780
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

USA   7489.94  UT Sat June 4, WBCQ in 'Allan Weiner Worldwide' but Larry
Will is substituting, a.k.a. cosmikdebris, along with crazyjane. Taking
calls to his AC 301 number. At 0044 UT says they are working on expanding
programming on 9330 kHz to daytime and more in the night. // 5129.9-AM kHz
registers S8, but buried in the noise level, and no signal audible on
3250v kHz.
(Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

7570  RMI  TOM? feed break ?, S=9+40dB powerhouse in Alberta CAN.
"angels flying in the midst of ... gospel to preach",
over and over again

But BS TOM heard real preaching on WBCQ
7489.954 kHz exact, S=9+20dB or -62dBm signal at 0250 UT June 4.

7460 0230-0315  MDA  R.Payem e-Doost(Bahai) via Kishinev-Grigoriopol-MDA
poor signal in Alberta, only S=5. In NJ-USA east coast S=9+10dB signal

7385.003 kHz likely as scheduled
7385 0200-0300  USA  WHRI Harvest Show  English Cypress Creek, Tue - Sat
female and male talk at 0256 UT, S=9+35dB in NJ-USA at 0312 UT

7365even  USA  R Marti and still Cuban scratching noise jamming.
ID at 0258 UT; and also jamming still at 0258 UT on channel
7335 0300-0700  USA  R. MARTI  Spanish Greenville  exc Mondays.
S=9+25dB in NJ-USA at 0318 UT.

7360even 0300-0330 CVA  VATICAN RADIO, English Santa Maria di Galeria
Vatican State, interview of female and male persons about incoms, taxes,
politics.
S=9+15dB in NJ-USA east coast at 0315 UT on June 4.

7325even, weak and tiny BBC Persian via Al Dhabbaya-UAE S=4-5

7310even
7310  0300-0315  D   BIBLE VOICE BCN Radio Dardasha7, Arabic, MBR Nauen
S=7-8 sidelobe -81dBm at 0304 UT in Alberta Canada remote SDR unit.

7205 Sudan Radio poor, disturbed by amateur radio stn of 7200 kHz channel.
[selected SDR options, span 12.5 kHz RBW 15.3 Hertz]
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 4)

USA    Masters of bad timing:
BBG to eliminate Radio Liberty's shortwave broadcasts in Russian.

OPINION_By Ted_Lipien

<http://bbgwatch.com/bbgwatch/masters-of-bad-timing-bbg-to-eliminate-
radio-libertys-shortwave-broadcasts-in-russian/>

The Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the U.S. federal agency in
charge of media outreach abroad, is planning to eliminate all shortwave
radio broadcasts in Russian by U.S. taxpayer-funded Radio Free Europe /
Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) as of June 26, 2016.

Radio programming in Russian by Radio Liberty's Russian Service will,
however, continue 24/7 online on the RFE/RL website. Radio Liberty's
Russian audio will also be available 24/7 on two satellites, Hot Bird and
AsiaSat, according to the RFE/RL's Russian-language announcement.

Radio Liberty Russian Service will also continue to use 1386 kHz medium
wave radio frequency from midnight to 6 AM and from 9 PM to to 10 PM
Moscow time.

This frequency can only be heard in some parts of European Russia.

The BBG's other entity, the Voice of America (VOA), has not been using
shortwave radio transmissions since 2008.

They were eliminated by the BBG a few weeks before the August 2008 Russian
invasion of Georgia. Talk about bad timing.

I have always said that we don't need the CIA. Reliable predictions as to
where the next international crisis will happen can be made by looking at
program cutting decisions by the Broadcasting Board of Governors.

If you look at BBG's past decisions to cut programming - not just
shortwave radio but also entire services and/or satellite television
transmissions - they included broadcasts to Russia, China, Tibet, Georgia,
and Ukraine. The BBG bureaucracy usually made these decisions a few weeks
or months before a major crisis erupted in these countries. They have
missed hints of internal repression or external aggression with remarkable
consistency. It happens because the BBG has no executives with strong
foreign policy and international affairs backgrounds as the Voice of
America and Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty did during the Cold War.

The BBG has been an absolute disaster, a "practically defunct" agency, to
use former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's description of the BBG.
When she made her comment to Congress in 2013 she herself was an ex
officio member of the BBG board.

I don't believe that shortwave radio has a strong future, but in cutting
shortwave radio transmissions in Russian, Broadcasting Board of Governors
officials seem far too optimistic that the Russian authorities will not
block the Radio Liberty website.

Russia's media regulator, Roskomnxdzor, recently briefly blocked and then
unblocked RFE/RL's news website Krym.Realii (Crimea.Realities) in Russia
and Moscow-annexed Crimea. Roskomnxdzor's spokesman said that the Russian
authorities later unblocked Krym.Realii after RFE/RL's Crimean news desk
complied with a request by Russia's Prosecutor-General's Office to remove
from the site "materials that contain illegal information." RFE/RL denied
that it had removed any content.

Pressure on RFE/RL from the Russian government seems to be growing,
although RFE/RL's large news bureau in Moscow has not been shut down by
the Russian authorities. Many Western-funded NGOs have already been forced
to stop operating in Russia. RFE/RL may be next unless President Putin
thinks that he already has it under sufficient control in Russia by using
the FSB secret police to put pressure on RFE/RL journalists and their
bureau in Moscow.

In a hint of what may await Radio Liberty, Kremlin controlled Russian TV
channel NTV showed last March a propaganda hit piece on RFE/RL, in which
outlandish accusations were made against the American-funded broadcaster.
An earlier Russian television program "News Of The Week With Dmitry
Kiselyov," the Kremlin's lead propagandist, portrayed RFE/RL journalists
as spies conspiring against Russia. Nenad Pejic, RFE/RL editor in chief,
called the incident "a disgusting example of intimidation," and said that
"authorities in Russia appear to be preparing a case against us because of
our journalism."

To independent outside observers, these incidents illustrate a certain
political vulnerability of the BBG relying heavily on Internet program
delivery in Vladimir Putin's backyard. 71.3 % of Russia's population has
Internet access. Nearly 30 % does not. Many Russian speakers in regions
outside of the Russian Federation, including Moscow-occupied Crimea, still
don't use the Internet. With Putin's media making vague accusations of
spying against RFE/RL, some Russians may be afraid to access Western news
media websites out of concern that their Internet use could be monitored,
especially in Russia-occupied territories, such as Crimea.

Broadcasting Board of Governors officials, whose ranks have grown by leaps
and bounds in recent years, seem convinced, however, that shortwave radio
broadcasting has absolutely no future in Russia. In 2014, the BBG
established a Special Committee on the Future of Shortwave Broadcasting to
conduct a comprehensive review of the efficacy of shortwave radio as a
distribution platform for U.S. government-funded international media
outreach. According to the BBG's "Fiscal Year 2014 Performance and
Accountability Report,"

"The [BBG] committee found shortwave radio to be essential to listeners in
a few target countries, but of marginal impact in most markets. Based on
consistent and verifiable data, and audience-based research, it was
concluded that shortwave listenership around the world has plummeted, and
that shortwave usage does not generally increase during crisis situations.
Consequently, BBG has budgeted for the reduction of shortwave
transmissions to countries where it is not a viable delivery platform."

Much more worrisome, however, are minuscule audience reach numbers on any
media for both RFE/RL and VOA programs in Russian. In an apparent effort
to to hide this fact, the BBG makes it difficult to find on its website
recent weekly audience reach statistics for its programs in Russia. RFE/RL
publicizes instead less meaningful annual numbers of visitors or page
views online. According to RFE/RL, "RFE/RL's Russian-language sites
provided 266 million pages of content to almost 170 million visitors.
RFE/RL Russian-language Facebook pages registered almost 23 million
engaged users last year." RFE/RL's weekly audience reach in Russia,
however, is believed to be only about one or two percent of the country's
population. Kremlin's state media have huge audience numbers compared to
RFE/RL and VOA. That is understandable because Russian state media have
in-country distribution, including national TV networks, while the BBG
does not because the Russian authorities banned domestic rebroadcasts of
Radio Liberty and VOA programs. But VOA and RFE/RL are also far behind in
reach and impact compared to some of the few remaining independent Russian
news websites, such as Meduza. It operates from abroad on a much smaller
budget but has a much larger online audience in Russia.

Longtime BBG executive Jeff Trimble listening to a Gallup presentation
that support for Crimea being forcefully annexed by Russia is higher among
adults who use both Russian and Western media, suggesting that BBG
programs may still have a negative impact for the United States. February
2016.

Longtime BBG executive Jeff Trimble listening to a Gallup presentation
that support for Crimea being forcefully annexed by Russia is higher among
adults who use both Russian and Western media, suggesting that BBG
programs may still have a negative impact for the United States. February
2016.

Even more worrisome is the lack of significant impact of BBG programs in
Russia. In a nationally representative survey of Russia, the Associated
Press-NORC Center for Public Affairs Research found that "Russians'
attitudes toward the United States and President Barack Obama are
extremely unfavorable and have grown sharply more negative in the last
couple of years." "Eighty-one percent of Russians have an unfavorable
opinion of Obama, and only 2 percent have a favorable view of him," AP
reported.

The BBG may very well be right that shortwave radio transmissions cannot
do much more for augmenting its audience in Russia. But eliminating
shortwave radio will not help this practically defunct agency. BBG
officials have missed a very important point. BBG's impact in Russia is
not low because it does not have digital outreach, because it does, and it
is not low because the Russian authorities block BBG websites, because for
the time being they don't. BBG's impact in Russia is also not low because
it has or does not have shortwave radio transmissions, but the overall
audience reach will be smaller without them. The poorest and most
vulnerable audiences won't be served. Judging by past performance, any
money saved from cutting shortwave will be wasted on consultants and the
bureaucracy.

Here is what U.S. taxpayers who pay $777.8 million to the BBG (FY 2017
Budget Request), of which $121.1 million goes to RFE/RL and $224.4 to VOA,
need to know. BBG's impact in Russia is low because Putin's domestic
propaganda is highly successful. BBG's impact in Russia is also low
because BBG's program strategy and the quality and content of BBG programs
are obviously inadequate.

Several trends have contributed to the current crisis. Increasing control
over RFE/RL by BBG's federal bureaucracy has had a particularly negative
effect. The forced merging of RFE/RL and VOA brands have rendered their
respective programs and the joint program in Russian "Current Time"
largely ineffective. U.S. taxpayers' money is being wasted on the
government bureaucracy instead of being invested in producing better
quality programming that could stimulate intellectual discussion among
Russian speaking elites.

The Russians don't need more news, which is available everywhere. What
they need is more Western analysis and alternative domestic opinions. The
BBG may not be able to achieve high audience numbers in Russia, but at
least it has a chance to influence political discussion among the Russian
elites with the right kind of programming. This can have a multiplier
effect, as it did for much of the Cold War. During that period of high
impact, Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty employed top journalists and
experts.

Eliminating shortwave radio transmissions to Russia was an expected
bureaucratic response from the BBG designed to deflect attention from the
real problems the agency refuses to deal with. The move attempts to show
that the government bureaucracy is engaged in doing something, when in
fact it is only reducing its already small audience in Russia with its
shortwave decision while doing nothing to reform the agency and achieve
real impact.

The political timing of this decision couldn't be worse, even assuming
that eventual reductions of shortwave radio transmissions to some
countries are inevitable. But the BBG bureaucracy is famous for doing the
wrong thing at the wrong time or even the right thing but at the wrong
time.

An anonymous RFE/RL journalist got it right in commenting on RFE/RL's and
VOA's race for achieving "'Snappy, eye-catching' nothingness," which seems
to be BBG's current strategy.

"While Putin continues his inroads into former Soviet gory glory, this is
how the American taxpayers' dollar is getting wasted. Incompetence, hubris
and sausage measuring contests. What a shame. 'Snappy, eye-catching'
nothingness. While you gentlemen argue about 'exemplary analysis'
dissecting sausage-wielding in Georgia, Russian tanks are still in
Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Here's the prequel to the sequel. 'The Pork
Awakens.' Preparing to roll into another former Soviet republic maybe, and
we all know that Russian tank barrels hardly ever fire sausages, at vegans
or meat-eaters alike. But go on, have some mustard. No ketchup, please.
Not yet."

Disclosure: Ted Lipien is one of the co-founders and supporters of BBG
Watch (BBGWatch June 2 via dxld;
via Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

USA   Eliminating Radio Liberty SW Russian.

Optimistic BBG plans to eliminate RFE/RL Radio Liberty shortwave radio
transmissions to Russia, Crimea, other Russian-speaking regions

<http://bbgwatch.com/bbgwatch/optimistic-bbg-plans-to-eliminate-rferl-
radio-liberty-shortwave-radio-transmissions-to-russia-crimea-other-
russian-speaking-regions/>

BBG Watch Commentary

Russian Service of Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) posted an
announcement on its website that as of June 26, Radio Liberty Russian
programs will no longer be carried through shortwave radio transmissions
but will continue on the Internet. The loss of Radio Liberty's Russian
shortwave broadcasts will affect radio listeners in Russia as well as
Russian speakers outside of the Russian Federation, including Russian
occupied Crimea where many residents speak Russian.

Officials of the Broadcasting Board of Governors (BBG), the federal agency
in charge of RFE/RL, bet that audiences will use the Internet without fear
of being monitored or other forms of interference by the local
authorities, such as blocking of websites. In the April 20, 2016 press
release, the BBG condemned targeting of independent journalists in Crimea,
including RFE/RL contributors.

71.3 % of Russia's population has Internet access, which means that nearly
30 % does not. While no one denies that shortwave radio listenership has
been in serious decline in recent years due to the expanding use of
digital media, Broadcasting Board of Governors officials seem to be making
highly optimistic assumptions about future behavior of Vladimir Putin.
Critics also point out that after years of poor management the BBG has now
an extremely small audience and impact in Russia, either on radio or the
Internet.

 "This is yet another indication that the agency under the Broadcasting
Board of Governors has no significant audience in Russia," a former BBG
staffer told BBG Watch. "They are not closing these facilities solely
because people have migrated to new media. Regardless of the media/medium,
the result is still the same: no significant audience in Russia,"

BBG and RFE/RL officials often cite misleading statistics, such as the
monthly number of site visitors or the number of Facebook "Likes" for a
single post, to hide the fact that its overall weekly audience in Russia
for all media may be less than one or two percent. Some of the remaining
independent Russian media outlets, such as Meduza and Rain TV, have much
greater online reach in Russia than RFE/RL or VOA, which seems to suggest
that the BBG program content is unappealing or otherwise inadequate.

BBG audiences are higher in countries which allow local rebroadcasting of
radio and TV programs. The BBG often has to pay local broadcasters for
these rebroadcasts because program quality and their audience appeal are
poor. Some VOA programs, however, such as the VOA Ukrainian Service and
VOA Albanian Service TV news broadcasts, are popular in the target
countries. This does not appear to be the case in Russia, which does not
mean that high-quality analytical programs with high-quality intellectual
content are not urgently needed. There has been a general decline in
journalistic standards under the Broadcasting Board of Governors. RFE/RL
has not had permanent leadership for over two years.

At present, the impact of BBG programs in Russia seems negligible. In a
nationally representative survey of Russia, the Associated Press-NORC
Center for Public Affairs Research found "Russians' attitudes toward the
United States and President Barack Obama are extremely unfavorable and
have grown sharply more negative in the last couple of years." "Eighty-one
percent of Russians have an unfavorable opinion of Obama, and only
2 percent have a favorable view of him," AP reported.

BBG's annual budget funded by U.S. taxpayers through congressional
appropriations is approximately $777 million
(FY 2017 Federal Budget Request).

While the shortwave Russian radio announcement was made by RFE/RL, radio
transmission services are provided by the Broadcasting Board of Governors
through its International Broadcasting Bureau (IBB). RFE/RL and BBG have
so far posted no announcements in English on their plans to cut shortwave
radio broadcasts in Russian to Vladimir Putin's Russia and other Russian
speaking regions, including Crimea, which Russia has illegally occupied.

Media freedom in the entire region has been in decline in recent years.
The latest RFE/RL and BBG press releases are dated May 25, 2016 and deal
with RFE/RL journalist Khadijah Ismayilova being released from prison in
Azerbaijan. The RFE/RL announcement on the planned elimination of
shortwave radio broadcasts was in Russian. It was posted on Radio
Liberty's Russian website.

In recent years, IBB has been significantly reducing shortwave radio
broadcasting by RFE/RL and by other of its U.S. taxpayer-funded media
entities, including the Voice of America (VOA). BBG officials point out
that in the era of Internet and digital media, shortwave radio
listenership has been in steep decline worldwide, including Russia. In
2008, IBB cut VOA Russian shortwave radio and live satellite television
transmissions shortly before Russia invaded and occupied parts of Georgia.

While RFE/RL websites remain vulnerable to being blocked at any time by
the Kremlin, the Russian authorities still allow RFE/RL to operate a large
news bureau in Moscow which provides news reports and other programming
mostly for Radio Liberty's Russian Service. This may account for the
optimism among BBG officials. They apparently assume that President Putin
will not dare to interfere with the Internet and try to block RFE/RL
websites in Russia.

However, Kremlin controlled Russian TV channel NTV produced a propaganda
hit piece on Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty (RFE/RL) which was
broadcast on March 25, 2016. NTV report linked legitimate physical
security measures at RFE/RL to vague accusations of allegedly hidden
activities against Russia in carrying out the U.S. government's agenda.
The Russian propaganda TV program also alleged misappropriation of U.S.
taxpayers' dollars at the RFE/RL Moscow bureau. RFE/RL strongly denied
these charges and in the March 18, 2016 press release condemned pressure
tactics against RFE/RL bureau in Moscow. BBG and RFE/RL officials must
assume that the Russian authorities will not expand these pressure tactics
to include blocking of RFE/RL and VOA websites in Russia.

BBG officials claim that the money spent on shortwave can be better used
to create new programs and expand digital program delivery options, but
critics point out that in recent years millions of dollars of U.S.
taxpayers' funds have been wasted mostly on the BBG and IBB bureaucracy in
Washington, which kept expanding and protected its jobs while cutting
radio broadcasts, other programs and programming positions.

New CEO John Lansing has been on the job at the Broadcasting Board of
Governors since September 2015. He has promised management reforms and
expansion of digital media outreach. Critics say that instead of depriving
the most vulnerable groups abroad of safe radio program delivery and an
inexpensive option of getting uncensored news and commentary through
radio, BBG officials should achieve savings and expand digital media by
drastically cutting their own bloated and inefficient bureaucracy.

The RFE/RL announcement says that 24h/7d RFE/RL radio transmissions in
Russian will continue online and can be heard through the RFE/RL website.
Radio Liberty's Russian audio can also be heard 24h/7d on two satellites,
Hot Bird and AsiaSat, according to the same RFE/RL announcement.

So far, the Russian government has not been regularly blocking RFE/RL
websites in Russia, but recently Russia's media regulator, Roskomnxdzor,
briefly blocked and then unblocked RFE/RL's news website Krym.Realii
(Crimea.Realities) in Russia and Moscow-annexed Crimea.

Roskomnxdzor's spokesman said that the Russian authorities later unblocked
Krym.Realii ("Crimea.Realities") after RFE/RL's Crimean news desk complied
with a request by Russia's Prosecutor-General's Office to remove from the
site "materials that contain illegal information."

RFE/RL's Crimean desk said, however, that it removed no content from the
site in response to the May 12 blocking of its website by Russian Internet
providers.

RFE/RL's Crimean desk chief Volodymyr Prytula said that "we received no
demands from Roskomnadzor calling for the removal of any kind of content.
So we removed no content."

While all shortwave Radio Liberty transmissions in Russian are to end on
July 26, according to RFE/RL's announcement, Radio Liberty Russian Service
will continue to use 1386 kHz medium wave radio frequency from midnight to
6 AM and from 9 PM to to 10 PM Moscow time. This frequency can only be
heard in some parts of European Russia.

Radio Liberty (originally named Radio Liberation) began shortwave
broadcasting to Russia on March 1, 1953.

See RFE/RL announcement (in Russian only) on the planned elimination of
Radio Liberty's shortwave radio transmissions in Russian.
(BBGWatch June 1 via dxld;
posted by Glenn Hauser-OK-USA, hcdx and dxld June 3)

USA WHRI and WWRB

Thanks to Glenn for pointing out the special program from WHRI with superb
reception into the Pacific Northwest on 15720 kHz with the Indy 500. Seems
to me that WHRI has really gone by the wayside over the past several
years. In the past, they were a premier American private SW broadcaster.
These days, it seems, they have a much lower profile. Perhaps it's since
they no longer carry WOR, like they used to?

Nice ID at 18:16 UT on May 29. 15240 kHz, though not as strong, was still
very respectable today. Before 17:00 UT, they were advertising their
services and rates (WWRB), and after 17:00 UT, their "African Service".
Great African "High Life" music noted, reminding me of years past when
Africa proper used 15240 kHz (was it Zaire or Congo?).
(Walt Salmaniw-BC-CAN, dxld May 29)

15239.976  WWRB more a tiny S=6 signal into Michigan-US at 1840 UT,
and
15719.995  WHRI much better supposedly exciting presenter on racing
performance at 1845 UT on May 29, S=9 signal.
(wb, wwdxc BC-DX TopNews May 29)

USA   WRMI tx#9 relay Brother HySTAIRical with 2 different audio June 2
till 1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English two audio feeds
from 1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English one audio feed

Updated summer A-16 schedule of WINB Red Lion from June 5

1130-1330  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Sun
1330-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Sat/Sun
1600-1900  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri*
1900-1945  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1945-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   Eng/Spa Mon-Thu
1945-2000  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Fri
2000-2230  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Daily
2230-2300  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   Spanish Mon
2230-2300  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Tue-Sun
2300-0200  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Daily
0200-0230  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Fri-Tue
* Brother HySTAIRical

Updated summer A16 shortwave schedule of Brother HySTAIRical / TOM.

Cancelled all transmissions via WWRB Morrison  &
all via SPC-NURTS Sofia Kostinbrod relay

0000-0100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0000-0100  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0000-0100  5920 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon
0000-0100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0000-0100  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Mon
0000-0100  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0000-0100  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0100-0200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  5130vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Thu
0100-0200  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0100-0200  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0100-0200  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0100-0200  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0100-0200  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0100-0200  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0200-0300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  5130vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0200-0300  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  7490 BCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English
0200-0300  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0200-0300  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0200-0300  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0200-0300 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

0300-0400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0300-0400  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0300-0400  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Tue-Sat
0300-0400  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0300-0400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Sun
0300-0400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0300-0400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0300-0400  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0300-0400 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0300-0400 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0400-0500  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0400-0500  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0400-0500  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0400-0500  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0400-0500  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0400-0500  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0400-0500  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0400-0500 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0400-0500 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0500-0600  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0500-0600  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0500-0600  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0500-0600  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0500-0600  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0500-0600  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0500-0600 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0500-0600 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0600-0700  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0600-0700  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0600-0700  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0600-0700  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  7355 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English
0600-0700  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0600-0700  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0600-0700  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0600-0700  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0600-0700 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0600-0700 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0700-0800  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0700-0800  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0700-0800  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0700-0800  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0700-0800  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0700-0800  7355 HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English
0700-0800  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0700-0800  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0700-0800  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0700-0800 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0700-0800 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0800-0900  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0800-0900  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0800-0900  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0800-0900  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0800-0900  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0800-0900  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0800-0900  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0800-0900  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0800-0900  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0800-0900 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0800-0900 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

0900-1000  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
0900-1000  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
0900-1000  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
0900-1000  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
0900-1000  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
0900-1000  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
0900-1000  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
0900-1000  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0900-1000 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
0900-1000 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English

1000-1100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1000-1100  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1000-1100  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1000-1100  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1000-1100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1000-1100  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1000-1100  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1000-1100  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1000-1100 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1000-1100 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1000-1100 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1100-1200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1100-1200  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1100-1200  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  5890 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1100-1200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1100-1200  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1100-1200  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1100-1200 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1100-1200 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1100-1200 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1200-1300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1200-1300  5765 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1200-1300  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1200-1300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1200-1300  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1200-1300  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sun
1200-1300  9965 HBN 100 kW 345 deg to NoEaAS English
1200-1300  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1200-1300 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1200-1300 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1200-1300 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1200-1300 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1300-1400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1300-1400  5850 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1300-1400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1300-1400  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1300-1400  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
1300-1400 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1300-1400 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1300-1400 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1300-1400 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF English Sat/Sun
1300-1400 21675 YFR 100 kW 087 deg to NoCeAF English

1400-1500  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1400-1500  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1400-1500  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sat
1400-1500  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1400-1500 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1400-1500 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1400-1500 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1400-1500 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1400-1500 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1400-1500 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Sat

1500-1600  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1500-1600  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1500-1600  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English Sat
1500-1600  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1500-1600  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1500-1600 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1500-1600 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1500-1600 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1500-1600 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1500-1600 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1500-1600 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1600-1700  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1600-1700  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1600-1700  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1600-1700  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1600-1700  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1600-1700 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1600-1700 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1600-1700 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1600-1700 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1600-1700 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1700-1800  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1700-1800  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1700-1800  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1600-1800  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1700-1800  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1700-1800 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1700-1800 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1700-1800 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1700-1800 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1700-1800 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

1800-1900  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1800-1900  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900  9265 INB 050 kW 242 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
1800-1900  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1800-1900  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1800-1900  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1800-1900 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1800-1900 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1800-1900 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1800-1900 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1800-1900 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1800-1900 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1800-1900 21610^HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Mon-Fri

1900-2000  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
1900-2000  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000  9455 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
1900-2000  9840 HRI 250 kW 025 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1900-2000  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1900-2000 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
1900-2000 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
1900-2000 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
1900-2000 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
1900-2000 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
1900-2000 17815 HRI 250 kW 085 deg to CeAF   English Mon-Fri

2000-2100  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2000-2100  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
2000-2100  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2000-2100  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
2000-2100 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2000-2100 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2000-2100 15770 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2000-2100 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2000-2100 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

2100-2200  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200  5950 YFR 100 kW 181 deg to Cuba   English
2100-2200  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English Mon-Fri
2100-2200  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English
2100-2200 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2100-2200 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2100-2200 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2100-2200 17765 HRI 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2100-2200 17790 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English

2200-2300  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2200-2300  5985 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2200-2300  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300  7490vBCQ 050 kW 245 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
2200-2300  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2200-2300  9955 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English Mon/Tue
2200-2300  9980 WCR 100 kW 090 deg to EaNoAM English Mon-Fri
2200-2300 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2200-2300 11565 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300 11580 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2200-2300 11750*HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon-Fri
2200-2300 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English
2200-2300 13695 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2200-2300 15440 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English

2300-2400  5015 YFR 100 kW 222 deg to MEXI   English
2300-2400  5050 WRB 100 kW 045 deg to EaNoAM English
2300-2400  6885 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to WeNoAM English
2300-2400  7570 YFR 100 kW 315 deg to WeNoAM English
2300-2400  7730 YFR 100 kW 285 deg to MEXI   English
2300-2400  7780 YFR 100 kW 044 deg to WeEUR  English
2300-2400 11530 YFR 100 kW 160 deg to CeAM   English
2300-2400 11750*HRI 250 kW 047 deg to WeEUR  English Mon-Fri
2300-2400 11825 YFR 100 kW 355 deg to EaNoAM English

7490v=7489.9 AM mode      5130v=5129.7 in CUSB mode
^ 17815 June 5 - Sept 4   * 9505 from Sept 4
(Ivo Ivanov-BUL, dxld and hcdx via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 2)

ZAMBIA   9680  Voice of Hope Africa, (via Makeni Ranch tx center site in
Lusaka Zambia) at 0504 UT on June 3. In English; time given as "7 0 4,"
which is their local Central Africa Time; "Breakfast Table" program with
preaching and songs; after 0530 UT same segment repeated twice; good
number of IDs; almost fair with QRN (static).
(Ron Howard-CA-USA, DXplorer via wwdxc BC-DX TopNews June 3)

Best regards,

Michael Bethge

******************************
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WORLDWIDE DX CLUB
Postfach 1214
D-61282 Bad Homburg
GERMANY

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