I.C.P.O. Bulletin (03-09 July 2015) "Islands, Castles & Portable Operations"

08:26 Fernando Luiz de Souza 0 Comments













Listing is by calendar date (day/month/year)

03/07/2015: Giuseppe, IK2YDJ will be active from Rongo, Kenya (WW Loc. KI79HF), as 5Z4/IK2YDJ between now and 20th July. QRV on 40-6m. QSL via home call, direct or bureau. [DX-World]

03/07/2015: Terry, K7TD will be visiting Haiti from 3rd July until 13th July and plans to operate holiday style from various locations. His operating focus will be the WARC bands and primarily CW. (Sorry, no RTTY or 6m). QSL direct only to K7TD (Terry L Dillahunty, 3005 W. Springlake Circle, Colorado Springs, CO 80906, U.S.A.). Logs will be uploaded to LOTW when he returns home. Website: www.qrz.com/db/HH2TD [ATDX]

03/07/2015: From 3-5th July Lee 6K2CEW/4, Ka 6K2JFW/4 and Han DS2GOO/4 will activate Taehuksan [Taehuksan Do, South Korea] (IOTA AS-093). Look for activity on 80-10 metre CW, SSB and Digital modes. QSL via their home calls, bureau or direct. [rsgbiota.org]

04/07/2015: Olivier, ON4EI will be active again as EI8GQB from Ireland (EU-115, WLOTA 2484) on 4-13 July using an hybrid wind-solar power system from his caravan. He will participate in the IARU HF World Championship (11-12 July) as EI1A. QSL for both callsigns via PA3249, direct or bureau, and LoTW. Follow his activity and antenna experimentation on: www.qrz.com/db/EI8GQB. [425 DX News]

04/07/2015: On Saturday, 4th July, Francois F5JNE/p will activate the Castle of Nedo (DFCF 56-098), located in the commune of Plaudren (CP 5640, WW Loc. IN87PS). Usual QRG and normal modes. QSL via home call, bureau or direct. [Radioamateur.org]

04/07/2015: Jean-Marie, F5NLX/p will be active in Dept. 56 on 3rd, 4th and 5th July from 06:30 UTC until 09:30 UTC on 40 metre SSB (7070-7090 kHz) and a bit of CW around 7024 khz at the end of activity and also 14044 khz CW! Reference is the Castle Kerlilon (DFCF 56-099) - this castle was the stronghold of the German staff of the German kriegsmarine during the battle of the Atlantic from 1940-42! This activity is also on the coastline Lorient (WWFF FFF-702). QSL via home call, direct or bureau. [Radioamateur.org]

04/07/2015: Look for Ignazio, IT9AGZ/p to be active holiday style on the HF bands from Levanzo Island (EU-054, IIA I006, MIA MI-050, WLOTA 1918) from 4-17th July. QSL via home call, bureau or direct. [rsgbiota.org]

04/07/2015: Dieter, DF2SD, will be active as OZ/DF2SD from Fano [Fanoe] Island, (EU-125, OZI/DIA NS-002, WW Loc. JO45EK) and Nature Park Vadehavet (WWFF OZFF-004) between July 4-18th. Activity will be holiday style on 40-6 metre SSB and RTTY. QSL via LoTW, eQSL, and Club Log (preferred) or via the his home call, Bureau or direct. [OPDX Bulletin]

04/07/2015: Ralph, DL9MWG and Manfred, DL3VJG plan to activate Bornholm Island (EU-030, OZI/DIA BO-001, WLOTA 2203) from 4-11 July as OZ/homecalls. QRV on the HF bands on, or near, the usual island and IOTA frequencies, SSB and CW (maybe some Digital modes). QSL via their home calls, bureau or direct [rsgbiota.org]

04/07/2015: Adde, SM0SHG will be active holiday style as SB3X from Klosan Island (IOTA EU-087) between 4-31 July. QRV on the HF bands using Elecraft KX3, Expert 1K-FA (running about 4-500w) and Vertical from Lannabo Radio (5-band). If you want a QSL from EU-087, please use Clublog's Online Qsl Request Service. Direct QSL's are $2.00 and will be sent as soon as possible. QSL's via bureau is free and will be sent out when time permits. [rsgbiota.org]

05/07/2015: Emil, DL8JJ plans to activate Ile du Large (DIFM MA-001, WW Loc. IN99KL), Iles Saint Marcouf (EU-081, WLOTA 0060), Basse Normandie, France, between 5-11th July, 2015. QRV as F/DL8JJ/p on 160-10 metre CW and SSB. This activation is also good for the Ile du Large lighthouse (DPLF PB-052, ARLHS FRA-055, WLOTA 0060) and the Fort de l'Ile du Large (DFCF 50-013, WCA F-02100). l'Ile du Large also makes up part of Iles Saint-Marcouf nature reserve. QSL goes via LZ1JZ, direct or Bureau. Further info and updates at: www.dl8jj.darc.de/ [rsgbiota.org]

05/07/2015: Vincenzo, IZ8LFI and Roberto, IC8FFP will be active as IC8/IZ8LFI and IC8FFP/p, respectively, on 5th July from the Punta Carena lighthouse (ARLHS ITA-124, WAIL CA-008). Plans are to be QRV on 40, 20 and 15 metre SSB. QSL via home calls, bureau or direct. [IZ8LFI]

05/07/2015: The A.R.I. Club of Amantea (IQ8IB) reports that Coreca Reef (IIA K-004 [ex CS-004], Not IOTA) will be on air Sunday 5 July 2015, after ten years of inactivity. QRV on the HF bands, using the callsign IQ8IB/p. This will be a good chance to get a new one in your Italian Island Award score. QSL via home call, direct or bureau. [DxCoffee]

06/07/2015: Ismo, OH2IS will be active from the Island of Vis (EU-016, IOCA CI-142, MIA MC-452, WLOTA 1899), Croatia, as 9A/OH2IS on 6-15th July 2015. QRV holiday style on 40-10 metre CW and SSB. Rigs are 100W with vertical + wire antennas. QSL via home call or LoTW/Club Log OQRS. [rsgbiota.org]

06/07/2015: Tony, ZL2AGY is returning to the island of Rarotonga (OC-013, WLOTA 0971), South Cook Islands, and will be active as E51AGY from 6th July until 3rd August, 2015. QRV holiday style on the HF bands, CW only. QSL via home call. [DX-World]

06/07/2015: Zorro, JH1AJT will be QRV as KH0/KH8Z from 6-10th July during his business trip to Saipan (OC-086, USi NI-002S, WLOTA 1333). Activity will be mainly on 20, 15 and 10 metre SSB, and holiday style operation. QSL via JH1AJT. [DX-World]

07/07/2015: Stan, EI6DX will be staying on Mahe island, Seychelles - inner islands (AF-024) from 7-18th July and active as S79OWZ. QTH is at the northern side of the island with direct access to the sea and clear views to EU, RU and AS. Equipment will include a K3 and vertical antenna with elevated radials installed on the beach. This is a casual holiday style operation. All QSLs via RX3RC (bureau or direct). [DX-World]

07/07/2015: Look for Phil AC4Q, Bill N4IQ, Bob ND7J and Ariel NY4G will be active as homecall/VY2 from the P.E.I. DX Lodge, Prince Edward Island (NA-029, CIsA PE-001, WLOTA 0523, WW Loc. FN76VS) from 7-14th July 2015. QRV on all bands and modes, primarily CW, SSB and RTTY, WARC bands included. The team will also participate in the IARU HF World Championship Contest (11-12 July). QSL all calls via NY4G or use Club Log OQRS. Further information and updates on their website at: pei2015.com/ [rsgbiota.org]

08/07/2015: Goran, S55OO reports that he will be active as SV9/S55OO from Crete Island (EU-015, GIOTA KRS-005, MIA MGC-005, WLOTA 1400) between 8-19 July, 2015. QRV holiday style on 40-6 metre CW, SSB and Digital modes. RIG: Flexradio3000 and some wires. QSL via home call, direct or bureau. Logs will be uploaded to LoTW and eQSL. [DxCoffee]

08/07/2015: Lu, W4LT will be active as VP2MLU from the island of Montserrat (NA-103, WLOTA 1475) from 8-17th July. QRV holiday style as a one man DX-pedition with low power and low antennas. He will be active in the IARU HF Contest (11-12 July) as a Single-Op/Mixed-Mode entry. His rig will be a Kenwood TS590s into a Carolina Windom 80LP and/or Original S9v 31ft Vertical mounted on the veranda railing. QSL via W4LT, direct or bureau and LoTW. [OPDX Bulletin]


LOOKING AHEAD -

10/07/2015: Richard, PA2RIC will be active holiday style from the island of Lesvos (EU-049, GIOTA NAS-014, MIA MG-064, WLOTA 0165) between 10-28th July. QRV on the HF bands, using a QRP station. QSL direct or bureau to PA2RIC. [rsgbiota.org]

18/07/2015: Vladimir, UA0LCZ will be active from Popova Island (IOTA AS-066, RR-16-02) as RI0NZ between 18-29 July, 2015 including participation in the RSGB IOTA Contest. QRV on 80-10 metre CW. QSL via home call - bureau or direct. [DX-World]

19/07/2015: Leon ON4VLM, Rene ON3VS, Swa ON5SWA, Eric ON3EE and Joris ON3JL are going to commemorate all the victims of the Wire of Death between 1915 and 1918 in Hamont-Achel (Belgium). The BIPT granted these radioamateurs a license with the special callsign "ON1418WOD". WOD stands for Wire of Death. The special event station will be on the air on Sunday the 19th of july 2015 from 8:00 o'clock local time in the morning till.... First on 80m and on 40m. And in the afternoon you can find the station on 20m. There is also going to be a Livestream avaiable from time to time on the 19th of July 2015: http://bit.ly/12MR97c. QSL via PA3249 (qrzcq.com/call/PA3249). Or Direct via Harry de Jong, Broekdijk 59, 7695 TC Bruchterveld, The Netherlands. Or via the bureau. Further information can be found at: www.qrz.com/lookup/on1418wod[Southgate ARC]

22/07/2015: Renato PY8WW, Ronaldo PS8RV and other members of the PARA DX Group will be active as PX8K, on all bands and modes, from Caviana de Fora Island (SA-042, DIB PA-16), Para State, Brazil, from 22-29 July. Activity will include an entry in the RSGB IOTA Contest. QSL via PY8WW OQRS. [PT7WA]

23/07/2015: Immo, DL8MF will be signing OZ/DL8MF from Samso [Samsoe] Island (EU-172, DIA JY-008, WLOTA 0726), Denmark, from 23 to 26 July, including the RSGB IOTA Contest (Single-Op/QRP/24-Hrs entry). QSL direct or bureau to DL8MF. [rsgbiota.org]

24/07/2015: Eugene RZ3EC, Sergey RA3NAN, Gen R3BY, Maxim RU5D, Igor UA3EDQ, Zoli HA1AG will be active from the rare Brusneva Island [Ostrov Brusneva] (IOTA AS-082, RR-08-11, RDA YA-11, WW Loc. PQ41mp) between 24-29 July 2015, including the RSGB IOTA Contest. Activity also counts for Ostrov Brusneva light (RLHA RLA-033 NEW One!, ARLHS and WLOTA NEW One!). Ostrov Brusneva is located off the eastern side of the Lena delta in the Tiksi Bay, only 5 km ENE of Tiksi. Its length is 2.3 km and its maximum breadth less than 1 km. The name of this island is also spelt as "Brusnova" in some maps. Full information, log search and QSL info can be found at: www.as082.org/ [ATDX]

25/07/2015: Brani, OM2FY and Rado, OM2ZZ will participate in the RSGB IOTA Contest (25-26 July) from Rab Island (EU-136, IOCA CI-096, MIA MC-330), Croatia, using the callsign 9A/OM2FY. Plans are for a Island Dxpedition/Multi-Op/Low-Power entry. QSL via OM2FY. [NG3K]

25/07/2015: Joe, IT9RZU will be active in the RSGB IOTA Contest from Misilmeri, province of Palermo, Sicily Island (EU-025, IIA SC001, MIA MI-107, WLOTA 1362) as a Single-Op/All-Band/Low-Power/CW-Only entry. QSL via the bureau is preferred. Log will be uploaded to LoTW. [NG3K]

28/07/2015: Eric, WH6EEY has announced he will be active from the rare Hawaiian island of Kaho'olawe (USi HI-026S), Maui county, Hawaii (OC-019), between July 28-31, 2015. The island is south of Maui and has been off limits since 1941. He is there with a group to clean-up UXO Unexploded Ordinance so operating during free time. QSL via home call, direct and LoTW. [DX-World]

09/08/2015: Giovanni, IZ2DPX will be active as S79DPX from the Republic of Seychelles between 9-23 August 2015. QRV on 40-10 metre SSB, holiday style. His schedule is as follows: 9-16th August activity from the Casadina Guest House, Mahe Island; 16-23 August from the Le Village du Pecheur hotel, Praslin Island. Both islands count for IOTA AF-024. The equipment is Icom IC-706 and multiband Vertical antenna. QSL via IK2DUW. Further information and updates at: iz2dpx.jimdo.com/ [DX-World]

22/08/2015: Kenji, JA4GXS plans activity as JA4GXS/4 from Kasado Island [Kasado-shima] (IOTA AS-117, Grid Loc. PM53), Yamaguchi prefecture, on 22-23 August. QRV on 40/20/17/

15/6 
metre CW and SSB. QSL via home call, bureau or direct. [rsgbiota.org]

19/09/2015: Nobuaki, JA0JHQ has announced he will be active from the The Bird's Nest holiday apartment, West Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands (IOTA OC-003) between 19-25 September, 2015. QRV on 80-6 metre CW and SSB. QSL via bureau or direct. LoTW possibly later. [DX-World]

03/10/2015: Polish operators Wlodek SP6EQZ, Bob SP2EBG, Gala SP2GKS, Jan SP3CYY, Ryszard SP6FXY, Krzysztof SP6JIU and Roman SP9FOW will be active from the island of Mahe (IOTA AF-024, Grid Loc. LI75), Republic of Seychelles, as S79SP between 3-18 October, 2015. Accommodation already booked, they will be situated on the northern tip of Mahe with open space to most important directions and plenty of area for beverage and directional antennas. QRV on 160-6 metre CW, SSB and RTTY. QSL via SP6FXY, OQRS, LoTW. Webpage (currently under construction):www.s79sp.dxing.pl/ [DX-World]

12/10/2015: From 12-18th October 2015 the North American QRP CW Club (NAQCC) will be celebrating the club's 11th anniversary with sepcial event stations located all over the country. The callsigns will be N1A, N2A, N3A, N4A, N5A, N6A, N7A, N8A, N9A, and N0A. Additional information can be found at: www.naqcc.info/main_n3a.html [NAQCC] 
SPECIAL EVENTS -

03/07/2015: Special event station PV70FEB will be active during the entire month of July to celebrate 70 years of the end of World War II, and a tribute to Brazilian Expeditionary Force - FEB, in the Italian Campaign. QRV on the HF bands using SSB, CW and RTTY. QSL via PS7AB direct (U$1,00), bureau, eQSL or LoTW. Website: www.qrz.com/db/PV70FEB[PS7AB]

05/07/2015: Radioclub F4KIW of Fecamp (Dept 76) will be active with special call TM4CF on Sunday 5th July and Monday 6th July 2015. This activation will take place as in previous years, from the site of the Cape Fagnet on the occasion of the city stage of the Tour de France racing. QSL to F4KIW via bureau, direct with SASE/SAE + sufficient postage, or eQSL. [Radioamateur.org]

U.S.A. Special Event Stations can be found at:www.arrl.org/contests/spev.html

LIGHTHOUSE CALENDAR -

03/07-13/07 HH2TD: Haiti Island WLOTA:0343 QSL H/c (d) 03/07-

05/07 
MM0NDX/P: Mainland Orkney WLOTA:1652 QSL IW7EGQ (d/B)04/07-13/07 EI8GQB: Ireland (Eire) WLOTA:2484 QSL PA3249 (d/B)04/07-17/07 IT9AGZ/P: Isola Levanzo WLOTA:1918 QSL H/c (d/B) 04/07-
11/07 OZ/DL3VJG: Bornholm Island WLOTA:2203 QSL H/c (d/B) 04/07-
11/07 OZ/DL9MWG: Bornholm Island WLOTA:2203 QSL H/c (d/B) 05/07-
11/07 F/DL8JJ/P: St. Marcouf Island WLOTA:0060 QSL LZ1JZ (d/B)
05/07 IC8FFP/P: Punta Carena WAIL:CA-008 WLOL:ITA-124 QSL H/c (d/B)
05/07 IC8/IZ8LFI: Punta Carena WAIL:CA-008 WLOL:ITA-124 QSL H/c (d/B) 06/07-
15/07 9A/OH2IS: Vis Island WLOTA:1899 QSL H/c (d)/OQRS 06/07-
03/08 E51AGY: Rarotonga Island WLOTA:0971 QSL ZL2AGY (d) 07/07-
14/07 AC4Q/VY2: Prince Edward Island WLOTA:0523 QSL NY4G (d)/OQRS07/07-14/07 N4IQ/VY2: Prince Edward Island WLOTA:0523 QSL NY4G (d)/OQRS 07/07-
14/07 ND7J/VY2: Prince Edward Island WLOTA:0523 QSL NY4G (d)/OQRS07/07-14/07 NY4G/VY2: Prince Edward Island WLOTA:0523 QSL NY4G (d)/OQRS
08/07-19/07 SV9/S55OO: Nisos Kriti WLOTA:1400 QSL H/c (d/B) 08/07-
17/07 VP2MLU: Montserrat Island WLOTA:1475 QSL W4LT (d/B)

6 METRES & UP -

04/07-05/07 Aegean VHF & 6m Contest 6m-70cm 04 0001z-05 2359z
04/07 Rainha Santa Contest 6m-70cm classes 0600z-1100z 04/07-
05/07 EDR Nordic July Contest 6m & Up 04 1400z-05 1400z 04/07-
05/07 IRTS VHF/UHF Field Day 6m-1.2GHz CW/SSB/FM 04 1400z-05 1400z
04/07-05/07 RSGB National VHF Field Day Open/Restricted 04 1400z-05 1400z
04/07-05/07 YO-DX V/U/SHF Contest 2m & Up 04 1400z-05 1400z 04/07-
18/07 OZ/DF2SD: Fano Island EU-125 Grid:JO45ek 6m SSB QSL H/c (d/B)
05/07 USKA National Mountain Day CW Only/NMD 0600z-0959z
05/07 Contest Lario 50MHz SO/MO/CW/SSB 0800z-1500z
05/07 W.A.B. 144MHz Phone Contest SO/MO/Low Power 1000z-1400z
05/07 RSGB 3rd 144MHz Backpackers SO/All Mode/3-10W 1100z-1500z
07/07 LY 144MHz Activity Contest CW/SSB/FM/Open 1700z-2059z
07/07 NRAU 144MHz Activity Contest SO/MO/Open 1800z-2200z
07/07 SPAC 144MHz Contest CW/Phone/Open 1800z-2200z
07/07 RSGB 144MHz UKAC SO Fixed/Open 1900z-2130z
08/07 MOON Contest 432MHz CW/Digital/FM/SSB 1800z-2000z
09/07 LY 50MHz Activity Contest CW/SSB/FM/Open 1700z-2059z
09/07 NRAU 50MHz Activity Contest SO/MO/Open 1700z-2100z
09/07 SPAC 50MHz Contest CW/SSB/FM/Open 1800z-2200z

Contest Calendar: www.qsl.net/va3rj/con_jul.html

Information about current VHF activities can be found on the VHF DX portal "Make More Miles on VHF" at: www.MMMonVHF.de/

SMIRK: www.smirk.org/ SOTA (Summits On The Air) Watch Alerts at:www.sotawatch.org/

QSL INFO - 

PQ0T QSL STATUS - Direct request cards sent out 2 weeks ago. OQRS requests sending out this week. Cards are coming!

QSLs via Bureau: 6V1W, B3/DL8UI, D2/HB9EFK, DU1/JA3FJE, FS/K9EL, FY/DL3LUM, GJ100RSGB, HF80JATA, J7A, K5KG/KP2, KP2/AG2J, MQ0MCV, NH0J, OE30EMS, P40B, RT80KEDR, SU9AF, V26K, V47NT, V5/DJ7JC, V5/DK1CE, V5/DL3DXX, V5/DL9NDS, V51FH, V55V, ZL1PPY and ZQ2FX.

QSLs via Direct: 5Z0L (I2YSB), 9M4MIA (9M2ESM), E30FB (M0URX/OQRS), V6Z (N3SL), VR2XMT (QRZ.com), YB4IR/7 [OC-166] (OQRS), YB4IR/7 [OC-268] (OQRS), YB5M (YC5KIK), YB7KE/P [OC-268] (YB4IR), YW6X [SA-090] (DM4TI) and ZX2CA (PY2DS).

QSLs via LoTW: AK9D, AL9A, K5TU, K6LL, KU9V, N2BJ, SV9/SQ9UM, TM150ITU, TM150UIT, VA7FC, VE1DT, VE2FK, VE3BW, VE3CV, VE7TJF, VP2MPS, VY1AAA, VY2SS, W3VPJ, W5CT, W5GAD and WA9MC.


BITS & PIECES -

PRESS RELEASE C5WP OPERATIONS - "not the ordinary DX-pedition but a unique merging of amateur radio and charity" From Saturday August 15th onward Pedro ON7WP will be active from his second home "Kerr Pedro" in Buntu Village (WW Loc.IK28JR), Upper Saloum District, Central River Region North, The Gambia, using his other callsign C5WP. Kerr means "house of" in local Pular language. Pedro is actively involved in a private charity organization www.SmileGambia.org that supports a small Village called "Buntu" inland central Gambia. It is a remote town with no water or electricity. During the past years Pedro and his family installed a water well, solar power, grinders for the pearl millet crop, a fuel powered kilowatt generator, a few laptops on solar power, a small school and some guest houses to accept other philanthropists. Last year he installed a Spiderbeam antenna that greatly improved his signal. Due to an almost non-existent noise level he can hear all the weak ones, and this year he is going to do some extra efforts for the lower bands, not easy on the savanna grounds. Plenty of space to put antennas but no towers apart from the palm trees, and serious restrictions on any hardware that all has to be flown in by plane. Active from Saturday evening 15 august onwards, he will focus on WARC band operation but also try some 6 meter traffic. Plans exist to put up a delta loop for 40 meter and some verticals for 40 and 80 meters.
After a week of solar powered operations he will move to the coastal area where he will focus on low bands, having possibilities for sea-side travelling wave antennas that proved to be good last year. End of the operations will be September 1st.
Another period op operations is planned later this year when Pedro will be driving a Nissan Patrol Jeep, to serve as local utility vehicle in Buntu, from Belgium to The Gambia with amateur radio on board. There are currently only two permanent licenses issued in the Gambia, being C5WP and C5YK. As charity work comes on the first place, Pedro's operations will be limited to his free time.
QSL will be only direct to his home address in Belgium, and the 3 Euro asked for will be awarded with a full colour QSL card showing the Buntu Village guest houses. Payment can be included with the card and also paid using the "donate" button on the www.SmileGambia.org website. The small profit goes entirely into the charity project.
Amateurs interested in operating from the Buntu village facilities are invited to contact Pedro c5wp@smilegambia.org for details. Last year we had a visit of MD Dirk ON5OF who did some outstanding work dealing with the health of the population. Most people never went to see a doctor in their whole life! If you dreamed of operating from a remote African location and you are ready to bring some donations for the people or improve their life by your expertise, whatever it may be, this might be an experience of a lifetime. [DxCoffee]

LNDX WEB SITE - More than 12.900 old QSL are waiting your visit. Please have a look on http://LesNouvellesDX.fr web site. -The ten most wanted DXCC (2004 to 2014) with more than 300 QSL -At least, one card, for each 60 deleted DXCC countries (1600+ QSLs) -Nearest the totality of current prefix, disappeared now (4500+ QSLs) -album for stations from North Africa 1945-1962 (400+ QSL) -with 900 QSL from the Antarctic bases. -With 270 QSL from the TAAF (Terres Australes and Antarctiques Françaises). -more than 100 cards from eparses islands as FR/B/E/G/J/T -More than 400 cards from "F" Pacific islands (FK,FK/C,FO/A,FO/M,FO/C,FW) -The FG, FM, FP, FS, FY stations from 1945 to 1969. -Commemoratives stations for ITU and IARU with more than 400 QSL. -More than 2000 cards for the old timer with more than 150 countries before 1945. -Cards from the french department before 1945. -At least one card for each US americain states before 1945. Some cards are still needed and your participation is welcome. Only a ".jpg" file (both side of the card) is required please write to: LesNouvellesDX@free.fr Make a visit on our site and don't forget to put a message on our guest book. [F6AJA]



73 and Good DX!
Dave Raycroft, VA3RJ

0 comentários: